DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
PathogenThis section has been translated automatically.
The most common causative agents of viral exanthems are:
- Adenoviruses (rubeoliform exanthema).
- Coxsackie A viruses ( herpangina; hand-foot-and-mouth disease; generalized vesicular exanthema; AGEP)
- ECHO viruses (maculo-papular exanthema, erythema infectiosum-like exanthema)
- Epstein-Barr viruses ( infectious mononucleosis, unilateral laterothoracic syndrome?)
- Hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses (non-specific exanthema, Gianotti-Crosti syndrome; glove-sock syndrome)
- HHV-6 viruses ( exanthema subitum)
- HHV-7 viruses ( exanthema subitum, pityriasis rosea?)
- Herpes simplex viruses
- Measles viruses
- Mumps virus (maculo-papular exanthema)
- Parainfluenza viruses (non-specific exanthema; Gianotti-Crosti syndrome)
- Parvoviruses [parvovirus B19] ( erythema infectiosum = ringworm; glove-sock syndrome)
- Rotaviruses (maculo-papular exanthema)
- Corona viruses: urticarial, morbilliform, varicelliform exanthema, pseudofrost bumps in COVID-19 infections.
- RS viruses ( respiratory syncytial virus diseases; nonspecific exanthema).
- Varicella zoster ( varicella, zoster).
ClassificationThis section has been translated automatically.
This tabular listing includes only the most common viral exanthems and some generalized diseases that are important for differential diagnosis.
- DD neonatal period:
- DD Infancy and toddlerhood:
- DD Preschool and school age:
- DD: Exanthema associated with bacterial infections:
- Scarlet fever.
- DD: Generalized skin disease with multiple efflorescences:
General therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Therapy is usually symptomatic and, if necessary, with antivirals.
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Outgoing links (30)Acute hepatitis; Aids; Asymmetric periflexural exanthema of childhood ; Classification of viruses; Contagious mollusc; Coronaviridae; Covid-19; Cytomegalovirus; Erythema infectiosum; Erythema multiforme; ... Show all
Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.