Virus exanthema (overview) B09

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 23.04.2021

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viral exanthema; Virus exanthema

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Generalized rashes of different clinical symptoms and morphology induced directly (infectious exanthema) or indirectly (parainfectious exanthema) by viruses. The clinic of infectious viral exanthema is the expression of a defined pathogen (e.g. varicella, measles, etc.). The clinic of parainfectious viral exanthema (e.g. Gianotti-Crosti syndrome; unilateral laterothoracic exanthema; postherpetic erythema exsudativum multiforme) can be caused by different pathogens. The clinical manifestations are very different. They can generally be triggered by different pathogens. For example, in Gianotti-Crosti syndrome 13 different types of viruses are known.

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The most common causative agents of viral exanthems are:

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This tabular listing includes only the most common viral exanthems and some generalized diseases that are important for differential diagnosis.

General therapy
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Therapy is usually symptomatic and, if necessary, with antivirals.


Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.


Last updated on: 23.04.2021