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Altmeyer's Encyclopedia is an independent, evidence-based medical information resource on specialist level. Since 1986 it has been continuously updated and expanded by only the most accomplished medical professionals in their fields.

Editorial Board

Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

Dermatology/Naturopathy/Vascular medicine/Cosmetology

One of the most well-known German dermatologists with decades of expertise in clinical dermatology. Professor emeritus at the Ruhr-University-Bochum, author of more than 30 textbooks and more than 700 scientific publications.

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Priv.-Doz. Dr. med. habil. Heinrich Dickel

Allergology

Head physician of the department of allergology, occupational and environmental dermatology. Spokesman of the Allergy Centre Ruhr (ACR) of the Ruhr-University Bochum and Chairman of the German Contact Allergy Group (DKG).

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Prof. Dr. med. Herbert Neumann

Internal medicine

Professor at the Ruhr-University-Bochum for internal medicine.

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Prof. Dr. med. Horst Przuntek

Neurology

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Prof. Dr. med. Guido Günther Heinrich Gerken

Gastroenterology

Professor of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at the University Hospital Essen.

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Prof. Dr. med. Sören G. Gatermann

Microbiology

Head of the Institute for Hygiene and Microbiology at the Ruhr-University Bochum.

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Prof. Dr. med. dent. Jochen Jackowski

Dentistry

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Advisors and Contributors Altmeyer's Encyclopedia is an independent, evidence-based medical information resource

Dr. med. Michael Ardabili

Dermatology

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Prof. Dr. med. E. Christophers

Dermatology

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Prof. Dr. med. Joachim Dissemond

Vascular medicine

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Prof. Dr. med. Tobias Görge

Vascular medicine

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Prof. Dr. med. Birgit Kahle

Vascular medicine

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Prof. Dr. med. Knut Kröger

Vascular medicine

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Prof. Dr. med. W. Marsch

Allergology

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Prof. Dr. med. Achim Mumme

Vascular medicine

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Prof. Dr. med. Eberhard Rabe

Vascular medicine

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Prof. Dr. med. Wolfram Sterry

Dermatology

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Prof. Dr. med. Eggert Stockfleth

Dermatology

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Prof. Dr. med. N. Sönnichsen

Dermatology

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Authors, Co-Authors and Lectors

Dr. Birgit Adam Dr. med. Philipp Al Ghazal Dr. Mathias Altmeyer Maximilian Appel Dr. med. Michael Ardabili Dr. Maryam Ardestani Dr. Maryam Ardestani Ayşe Atan Philipp Augustin Albert Baschong Evgenia Bauer Julian Baur Cert. med. Kerstin Besmil Dr. med. Jörg Bettinger Dr. Christina Bittighofer Andreas Bonkowsky Maria Bostelmann Dr. med. Nikolas Bounas-Pyrros Dr. med. Anja Brinkmann Franziska Buck Dr. med. Norbert Buhles Florian Burkhart Lukas Fabian Busch Dr. Lucian Cajacob Dr. Stefan Cebulla MSc Benjamin Clanner-Engelshofen Dr. med. Andreas Colsman Dr. Phillip Constantin Behrus Darvishan Tassilo Dege Dr. med. Christian Dietlin Carla Dohrendorf Dr. Konstantin Drexler Bastian Drollmann Sidonie Droste zu Senden Dr. med. Nicole Duschner Bahareh Ebrahimi Ramón Eichenberger Dr. med. Ouadie El Makhtoum Tilman Erler Dr. Konstantin Ertner Florian Erwig Tarik Farrag Sophie Feuchter Dr. med. Aleksandra Filkoska Dimitrievski Janik Fleißner Dr. med. Rupert Florian Dr. med. Marc Frerix Dr. med. Imke Friedel Ricarda Friedrich Johanna Sophia Frikkel Johannes Fritz Kerstin Gaedigk Dr. Zafar Ghori Noemi Glarner Dr. med. Stephan Große-Büning Lina Marie Grossmann Dr. med. Raphael Gruber Pavel Grünwald Dr. med. Martin Hahn Veronika Hall Dr. Michael Hambardzumyan Dr. Elisabeth Hanf Dr. med. Gesa Hansen-Prenz Prof. Dr. Holger Hänßle Dr. Dana Hartmann Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Hartschuh Regina Havenith Johannes Heck Denise Heise Konrad Heisterkamp Conrad Hempel Dr. med. Helmut Hentschel Dr. med. Markus Heppt Dr. Kathrin Hillmann Dr. med. Bernhard Hofer MSc Schwiedhard Hoffstall Moritz Hollstein Dr. Katalin Horvath-Szögyi Siyawasch Hosseini Inga Hubrecht Dr. med. Svea Hüning Beate Husain Dr. Gunther Jacoby Dr. med. Philipp Jansen Dr. med. Eva Kämmerer Dr. med. Fabian Kästele Dr. med. Robert Kasten R. Kellermann Dr. med. Carolin Kern Lea Kiefer Britta Kießler Dr. med. Marisa Klemp Prof. Dr. Dr. H. c. Peter Karl Kohl Lydia König Dr. med. Caterina Kostic Katharina Kostka Dr. med. Bijan Koushk Jalali Cert. ing. Christoph Kreps Dr. med. Jelena Krochmann Marcus Kuchner Dr. med. Susanne Kühne Aleksandra Kulberg Julia Kunz Oliver Legrand Dr. Roland Lichem Theresa Lichtenberg Dr. Henning Lichtenstein Dr. med. Ana Luiza Lima Dr. Theresa Linke Dr. Tobias Lipek Katharina Lister Dr. med. Franziska Löffel Anna Lohbeck Dr. med. Gustav Lohse Johannes Lörner Laine Ludriksone Prof. Dr. Ralf Ludwig Sollfrank Lukas Jeton Luzha Pawel Majenka Dr. med. Claus Meisel Dr. Stefanie Melhorn Gianluca Menghini Tizian Meyer Bettina Meyer-Schmidtke Paula Möbius Dr. med. hans-werner momberger Christoph Müller Fabian Müller Maria Murmann Pia Nagel Dr. Jenny-Lou Navarra Angelika Németh Vardan Nersisyan Susanne Neumann Dr. med. Sebastian Osowski Dr. med. Gerret Paulsen Duygu Percin Anna Franziska Peters Antonia Pfadenhauer Dr. med. Antje Polensky Jennifer Prause Dr. med. Mohammad Rahbari Dr. guillermo ramirez fernandez Prof. Dr. Stefanie Reich-Schupke Dr. med. Raphael Reinhard Dr. med. Raphael Reinhard Karl Reinhard Timon Renggli Simon Reuter Dr. Joachim Roewer Dr. Max Rogatsch Fabian Sautter Eva Marie Scharnowski Dr. med. Nina Scheiba Wolfgang Schenk Anna Scherer Dr. med. Benjamin Schlag Nora Schlecht Christiane Schmidt Linda Schmitt Jeanette Schönfeld Dr. med. S. Leah Schröder-Bergmann Annabel Schroer Pascal Schwarz Samuel Schwimmer Jochen Starke Robin Stegemann Severin Steinegger Dr. med. Rainer Stengel Mario Stix Gulmira Stoll Birte Stroucken Julia Strunk Philipp Stüven Lia Sun Ramona Tasar Warang Thaipreecha Dr. Thomas Thiele Markus Thieme Dr. med. Wolfgang Tomandl Helene Tonner Dr. med. Stephan Traidl Hadrian Tran Dr. med. Silke Tremper Dr. med. Johannes Uerscheln Maya Walper Dr. med. Florian Weid Till Weidner Nico Weinkauf Franziska Welke Manuel Weyrauch Dr. med. Christine Wieland Dr. med. Christian Martin Winter Assoc. Prof. Miriam Wittmann Alexandros Zarotis Wolfgang Zerbe Max Zhao Dr. David Zimmermann Julia Zlotkowski Dr. Alexander Zumdick