Renal insufficiency and skin diseases; skin and kidney; Skin changes in kidney diseases
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
There are essentially three nephrological patient groups for whom the dermatologist is a sought-after partner in the treatment of their skin problems.
ClassificationThis section has been translated automatically.
- Chronic renal failure (N18.9) and uremia (N19): see below. Renal failure, skin les ions
- The dermatological problem in kidney transplant patients does not differ significantly from that of other organ transplant patients and is therefore not "organ-specific". It is based on the permanent immunosuppression and its consequences for the organism.
- Diabetic nephropathy:
- Elastosis perforans serpiginosa
- Folliculitis perforans
- Hyperkeratosis follicularis et parafollicularis in cutem penetrans (M. Kyrle)
- perforating collagenosis occurs almost exclusively in patients with diabetic nephropathy (see below renal insufficiency, skin lesions).
- Skin metastases in renal carcinoma occur in 5% of cases and are monitorable in 1%.
- Acute or chronic nephritides in the context of infectious, vasculitic, rheumatic or metabolism-induced diseases.
- Not infrequently, systemic diseases such as vasculitides, infections, metabolic diseases, rheumatic diseases occur, in which skin diseases are associated with renal affections in varying frequency. Different variants are possible:
- Other skin diseases associated with acute or chronic renal disease:
- AA-type amyloidosis (chronic glomerulonephritis)
- Coproporphyria hereditaria (interstitial nephritis)
- Dermatomyositis (acute nephritic syndrome)
- Dermatosis, acute febrile neutrophilic (nephritis)
- Ecthyma (acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is possible)
- erysipelas (infectious glomerulonephritis is possible, especially in the elderly)
- Gout (interstitial nephritis, nephrolithiasis)
- Impetigo contagiosa, small blistered (acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is possible)
- Cat scratch disease (glomerulonephritis)
- Cryofibrinogenemia (glomerulonephritis)
- Lipodystrophy, progressive partial (proliferative glomerulonephritis)
- Lupus erythematosus, systemic (acute nephritic syndrome)
- Fabry disease (development of progressive renal failure)
- Foot and mouth disease (nephritis)
- Nail-patella syndrome (non-specific glomerulonecrosis)
- Polyarteritis nodosa, microscopic (glomerulonephritis)
- Polyarteritis nodosa, systemic (glomerulonephritis)
- Purpura abdominalis (haemorrhagic nephritis)
- Purpura Schönlein-Henoch (IgA nephropathy: 30-90%)
- Reiter's syndrome (bacterial pyelonephritis)
- Rheumatic fever (glomerulonephritis)
- Scarlet fever (acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis)
- Sjögren's syndrome (interstitial nephritis)
- Scleroderma, systemic (acute nephritic syndrome)
- Syphilis acquisita (nephritis)
- Urticaria of the serum type (nephritis)
- Varicella (nephritis)
- Vasculitis in essential cryoglobulinemia (glomerulonephritis)
- Vasculitis, hepatitis C-associated (glomerulonephritis)
- Wegener's granulomatosis (glomerulonephritis)
- Weil, M. (nephritis).
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Chan IH et al (2016) Itch Management: Physical Approaches (UV Phototherapy, Acupuncture). Curr Probl Dermatol 50:54-63.
- Kremer AE et al (2016) Pruritus in systemic diseases: Common and rare etiologies. Dermatologist 67:606-614.
Outgoing links (38)Aa-type amyloidosis; Abdominal purpura; Cat scratch disease; Collagenosis reactive perforating; Coproporphyria hereditaria; Cryofibrinogenesis; Dermatomyositis (overview); Early syphilis; Ekthyma; Elastosis perforans serpiginosa; ... Show all
Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.