Anisi fructus

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 28.07.2021

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Synonym(s)

Aniseed; Aniseed fruits; pimpinella anisum

Definition
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Anisi fructus, the aniseed fruit, is the official constituent of Pimpinella anisum, the aniseed plant. The plant belongs to the Umbellifereae family. Aniseed is widely used in liqueurs. Confectionery, bakery products, puddings.
HMPC monograph: Traditional-use: Mild spasmodic gastrointestinal complaints, flatulence, flatulence; expectorant for cold-related coughESCOP monograph
: Dyspeptic complaints, mild spasmodic gastrointestinal complaints, flatulence, flatulence; mild inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, expectorantCommission
E monograph:

Internal: Dyspeptic complaints; Internal and external: Catarrh of the respiratory tract

Ingredients
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Active ingredients: 2-6% essential oil with the main components trans-anethole, 10-30% fatty oil, flavonoids, anisaldehyde, sugar, protein.

Effects
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Antimicrobial, antiviral (proven in experimental studies for Herpes simplex virus type 1), antihelmintic, expectorant, spasmolytic, experimental: antitumoral.

Spectrum of action
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Aromatic (essential oil drug)

Field of application/use
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Indications (according to commission E): dyspeptic complaints, catarrhal respiratory complaints (internal and external applications)

Dosage
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Internal: average TD of the crushed and ground (the essential oils are in the fruit in special secretion spaces, so the fruit must be crushed to open these secretion spaces) fresh drug is 3.0g; ED 1.0g 3 times daily; preparation of 1.0g of drug as tea infusion with 150ml of hot water.

Alternatively 10-12 tr. (0,3g) of essential oil

External: essential oil 5-10% dissolved in olive or peanut oil

Contraindication
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Allergies to ingredients of the drug (see also spice allergy).

Pregnancy and lactation, children and adolescents under 18 years due to lack of data.

Remark: The allergological significance of anise extracts is to be regarded as low. There are a few publications on type I allergies, including anaphylactic events, especially in spice allergy sufferers.

Recipe(s)
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The fixed combination primrose root+marshmallow root+anise consists of:

has a slightly antispasmodic, soothing, antibacterial and secretolytic effect. In addition, it inhibits mucociliary activity, has expectorant effects and is used for a mild catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and for a dry irritable cough.

Trade names
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Antiviscosin® Tea N, Dr. Klinger's Bergischer Herbal Tea (nerve and calming tea), ratiopharm® balsam for colds, Fugacid® Bronchial Tea, Helago-Oel®, Heumann Bronchial Tea Solubifix®N, Hevert Cough Bronchial Tea, Hevert Majocarmin Tea, Kamillosan® Mouth Spray N, Neo-Ballistol®, Orbis® Cough and Bronchial Tea, Ramend® Instant Laxative, Repha-Os® Mouth Spray, Rheumex® Tea, Salviathymol® Drops, Four Winds Tea

Combined preparations: anise oil+eucalyptus oil+peppermint oil (Bronchoforton® capsules: 1-1-1)

Note(s)
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Note: not to be used in children <12 years of age; due to lack of data, use during pregnancy and lactation is recommended only after consultation with the doctor. The application period should not exceed 2 weeks without medical advice.

Anisi aetherolicum, the anise oil is obtained from the ripe fruit of P. anisum and star anise by steam distillation. There is no Commission monograph on Anisi aetherolicum.

Literature
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  1. https://arzneipflanzenlexikon.info/index.php?en_pflanzen=55
  2. https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/herbal-monograph/final-community-herbal-monograph-pimpinella-anisum-l-aetheroleum_en.pdf