Absinthi herba

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 05.06.2021

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Synonym(s)

absinthi herba; absinthium herbal (engl.); Herba Absinthii; Wermtraut; Wormwood

Definition
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Extract of the dried shoot parts or foliage parts of the plant collected at flowering time.

HMPC: Traditional herbal medicinal product for the symptomatic treatment of mild, crampy gastrointestinal complaints including flatulence. Herbal tea for oral use. Herbal preparations in liquid or solid dosage forms for oral use.

Traditional herbal medicinal product for temporary loss of appetite and for mild gastrointestinal disorders.

Ingredients
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At least 0.2% - 1.0% essential oil with alpha- and beta-thujone (has a neurotoxic effect in higher dosages), the sesquiterpene (guainolide derivatives) - bitter substances absinthin, anabsinthin, artabsinthin and others, as well as tannins and flavones. The drug must have a bitter substance value of at least 15,000.

Effects
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Stimulating and tonic, tonic to gastric and biliary tracts; choleretic, further antiphlogistic, antioxdative and antibacterial. Experimentally effective against Leishmania major.

Field of application/use
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loss of appetite, dyspeptic complaints, dyskinesia of the bile ducts, mild, cramping gastrointestinal complaints including flatulence

Limited indication
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Hypersensitivity to one of the active ingredients. The permissible amount of Thuijon is 6mg/day.

Dosage
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Adolescents, adults and the elderly before or after meals, depending on the indication. The use in children under 12 years is not recommended

Loss of appetite 30 minutes before meals:

Single dose of herbal tea 1-1.5 g of crushed herbal substance in 150 ml of boiling water as an infusion.

single dose: 1-1,5 g , daily dose: 2-3 g

Squeezed juice: single dose: 5 ml, daily dose: 10 ml

Tincture: single dose: 1 g daily dose: 3 g

Dyspeptic complaints after meals:

Herbal tea 1-1.5 g of crushed herbal substance in 150 ml of boiling water as infusion

Single dose: 1-1.5 g Daily dose: 2-3 g

Powdered herbal substance Single dose: 0.76 g, Daily dose: 2.28 g

Squeezed juice: single dose: 5 ml ; daily dose: 10 ml

Tincture: single dose: 1 g, daily dose: 3 g

Contraindication
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Hypersensitivity to the active substance(s) and other plants of the composite family (Compositae). Obstruction of the bile ducts, cholangitis or liver disease.

Caution in patients with gallstones and other biliary tract disorders.

Use during pregnancy and lactation is not recommended due to lack of data. No fertility data available

Recipe(s)
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The fixed combination of angelica root+ gentian root+ wormwood herb consists of:

It stimulates the appetite, promotes the secretion of gastric juices and is used for loss of appetite and dyspeptic complaints such as bloating and flatulence.

Note(s)
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Wormwood was already used in antiquity against various diseases and health problems.

Literature
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  1. Azizi K et al.(2016) In vitro efficacy of ethanolic extract of Artemisia absinthium (Asteraceae) against Leishmania major L. using cell sensitivity and flow cytometry assays. J Parasit Dis 40:735-740.
  2. Ng SC et al,(2013) Systematic review: the efficacy of herbal therapy in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 38:854-863.
  3. Triantafyllidi A et al.(2015) Herbal and plant therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Ann Gastroenterol 28:210-220.
  4. Turak A et al.(2014) Dimeric guaianolides from Artemisia absinthium. Phytochemistry 105:109-114.
  5. https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/herbal-monograph/final-european-union-herbal-monograph-artemisia-absinthium-l-herba-revision-1_en.pdf