Absinthi herba

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Synonym(s)

absinthi herba; absinthium herbal (engl.); Herba Absinthii; Wermtraut; Wormwood

Definition
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Extract from the dried parts of the shoots or leaves of the plant collected at the time of flowering.

Ingredients
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At least 0.2% - 1.0% essential oil with alpha- and beta-thujone (has a neurotoxic effect in higher dosages), the sesquiterpene (guainolide derivatives) - bitter substances absinthin, anabsinthin, artabsinthin and others, as well as tannins and flavones. The drug must have a bitter substance value of at least 15,000.

Effects
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Stimulating and toning, toning the stomach and bile ducts; choleretic, also antiphlogistic, antioxidant and antibacterial. Experimentally effective against Leishmania major.


Field of application/use
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Loss of appetite, dyspeptic symptoms, dyskinesia of the bile ducts.

Limited indication
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Hypersensitivity to one of the active ingredients. The permissible amount of Thuijon is 6mg/day.

Dosage
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2-3g drug/day as aqueous extract.

Recipe(s)
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The fixed combination of angelica root + gentian root + wormwood consists of:

stimulates the appetite, promotes the secretion of gastric juice and is used in cases of loss of appetite and dyspeptic complaints such as bloating and flatulence.

Note(s)
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Wormwood was already used in antiquity against various diseases and health problems.

Literature
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  1. Azizi K et al(2016) In vitro efficacy of ethanolic extract of Artemisia absinthium (Asteraceae) against Leishmania major L. using cell sensitivity and flow cytometry assays. J Parasite Dis 40:735-740.
  2. Ng SC et al,(2013) Systematic review: the efficacy of herbal therapy in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 38:854-863.
  3. Triantafyllidi A et al(2015) Herbal and plant therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Ann Gastroenterol 28:210-220.
  4. Turak A et al.(2014) Dimeric guaianolides from Artemisia absinthium. Phytochemistry 105:109-114.