Composite plants

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Asteraceae; Basket flowering plants; Compositae; Composites

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Asteraceae are the largest family of the order "Asteraceae" within the angiospermous plants (Magnoliophyta). The German name Korbblütler and the botanical name Compositae (composites) are derived from the special inflorescence shape. The family has about 1,528 genera with about 22,750 species and is represented worldwide in all climate zones. In Europe it is one of the most species-rich plant families.

General information
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  • Many species are rich in essential oils, which are found in very characteristic glandular scales.
  • Representatives of the daisy family play an important role as vegetables, salads or oils, such as
  • Root extracts are also used by various composites: wormwood (Artemisia absinthicum), tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus), root or coffee chicory (Cichorium intybus).
  • Other composites play a role in medical therapy (see phytotherapy below) and are also of great allergological interest, e.g. in airborne contact dermatitis.
  • These include:

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  1. Arberer W (2008) Contact allergy and medicinal plants. JDDG 6: 15-24
  2. Mitchell JC et al (1979) Botanical Dermatology. Vancouver, Greengrass


Last updated on: 29.10.2020