HistoryThis section has been translated automatically.
Lawley, 1979; Holmes and Black 1983
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Non-recurrent, very multiform, most frequent specific pregnancy dermatosis with highly itchy, urticarial papules, plaques and vesicles with self-limiting course. Symptoms typically occur in the last weeks of pregnancy or immediately postpartum (15%). Striking association with first-time mothers, multiple pregnancies and excessive maternal weight gain.
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Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
The frequency is estimated at 1/60- 1/200 pregnancies. Thus PUPPP is by far the most frequent pregnancy dermatosis (see below pregnancy, skin changes).
EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
Unknown. A connection with damage to collagen due to overstretching is suspected, whereby previously "inert structures" are supposed to acquire antigenic character and thereby trigger the exanthema (Ambros-Rudolph CM et al. 2017). This would explain that the disease starts in the striae distensae and manifests at the time of the highest abdominal distension. The role of peripheral microchimerism with deposition of fetal DNA in maternal skin is unclear.
ManifestationThis section has been translated automatically.
Mostly occurring in the last trimester; also directly postportal (15%). Association with first-time mothers, multiple pregnancies, excessive maternal weight gain (Murase JE et al 2014).
LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
Initially, the HVs are mainly found on the abdomen, leaving out the navel region; also on the back, buttocks, thighs and upper arms
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Very diverse clinical picture. Beginning with a papular or urticarial, violently itchy exanthema (nodules, plaques) on the abdomen which spreads rapidly to the thighs, buttocks, arms and lateral parts of the trunk. Note: HV often start in the striae cutis distensae! In most cases (but not always) the umbilical region is left out! With increasing duration of the disease, there are not only urticarial papules, but also targetoid surface-smooth and eczema-like plaques; in addition, there are blisters (never blisters), also"prurigo-like" skin changes.
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Perivascular lymphohistiocyte infiltration. Severe edema of the dermis. Less specific pattern! Only evaluable in connection with the clinic and immunohistology (negative findings)!
Direct ImmunofluorescenceThis section has been translated automatically.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
External therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Cool showers, "cool packs" or moist compresses, e.g. with 0.9% NaCL solution, also have a soothing effect.
Internal therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
- In cases of severe and intolerable itching with considerable sleep disturbances glucocorticoids, e.g. prednisone (e.g. Decortin®) 50 mg/day p.o. are indicated for 3 days. Gradual dose reduction according to clinical findings (see glucocorticoids, pregnancy). Alternatively 25mg p.o for another 3 days (Ambros-Rudolph et al. 2017).
- In severe cases and in the last weeks of pregnancy additional administration of diphenhydramine HCl(e.g. Vivinox 25 to 50 mg/day) or benzodiazepines (e.g. diazepam 2-5 mg/day).
- The administration of antihistamines during pregnancy is assessed differently in the literature. At most, however, first-generation preparations such as clemastine (e.g. Tavegil 2 times/day 1 tbl. p.o. or 2 times/day 1 amp. i.v.) or hydroxyzine (e.g. Atarax 1-3 tbl./day) come into question (see also pemphigoid gestationis).
Progression/forecastThis section has been translated automatically.
Spontaneous healing of the eruptions within 4-6 weeks. Healing is independent of the time of delivery. Rare is a protracted course with persistence of the skin lesions over several months. Recurrences are a rarity. There are no skin lesions in the newborn.
Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Ambros-Rudolph CM (2017) Specific pregnancy dermatoses. Dermatologist 68: 87-94
- Ambros-Rudolph CM (2010) Specific pregnancy dermatoses. Dermatologist 61: 1014-1020
- Cohen LM et al (1989) Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy and its relationship to maternal-fetal weigt gain and twin pregnancy. Arch Dermatol 125: 1534-1536
- Dietz H et al (1995) Pruriginous urticarial papules and plaques in pregnancy (PUPP). Z Hautkr 70: 429-431
- Elling SV et al (2000) Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy in twin and triplet pregnancies. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 14: 378-381
- Kannambal K et al (2017) A Screening Study on Dermatoses in Pregnancy. J Clin Diagn Res 11:WC01-WC05.
- Murase JE et al (2014) Safety of dermatologic medications in pregnancy and lactation: Part I. Pregnancy. J Am Acad Dermatol 70:401.e1-14
- Nilles M et al (1989) The PUPPP dermatosis. Dermatologist 40: 586-588
- Ohlinger R et al (2003) Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP)--a case report. Z Obstetrics Neonatol 207: 107-109
Incoming links (10)Dermatitis, papulosis during pregnancy; Papules and plaques, pruritic urticarial in pregnancy; Pemphigoid gestationis; Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy; Polymorphic pregnancy dermatosis; Pregnancy dermatosis, atopic; Prurigo gestationis; Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy; Pupp; Spongiosis;
Outgoing links (26)Adverse drug reactions of the skin; Antihistamines, systemic; Atopic dermatitis (overview); Benzodiazepines; Carbomer gel hydrous (dab); Clemastine; Diphenhydramine; Erythema multiforme; Glucocorticosteroids; Glucocorticosteroids pregnancy; ... Show all
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