HistoryThis section has been translated automatically.
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Sporadic, rarely familial disease similar to acanthosis nigricans or combined with acanthosis nigricans with persistent, reticulate-striped brownish or brownish-yellowish smaller or larger patches or brown, slightly hyperkeratotic (not granular hyperkeratotic but rather velvety hyperkeratotic) reticulate papules and plaques. It is often considered a clinical variant of pityriasis versicolor, especially if it has not been treated for a long time. Sometimes the clinical picture presents itself in the context of a mild ichthyosis. To differentiate from other hyperpigmentations, it can be checked whether the plaques can be washed off with soap and water, in which case it is dermatosis neglecta, or whether the plaques can only be removed with alcohol, in which case it is terra firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD).
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EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
Genetically determined (familial occurrence is described) disorders of keratinization with association to acanthosis nigricans(pseudoacanthosis nigricans) are discussed.
Furthermore, reactive epidermis proliferations by Malassezia spp. (DD: atypical pityriasis versicolor) or gram-positive bacteria (Dietziaceae spp. from the order of Actinomycetales) are described.
Associations with diabetes mellitus, obesity as well as hormonal disorders (thyroid dysfunctions) are possible.
ManifestationThis section has been translated automatically.
Gynecotropy is discussed (?) ! Manifestation age: 10-36 years (average age in smaller studies is 19 years). Frequency peak shortly after puberty. Dark-skinned people are affected twice as often as light-skinned people.
LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
Mainly sternoepigastric area, intermammary region, also spreading over abdomen, neck, shoulder, back. Face remains free. Less frequently also in the genital area.
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Chronically persistent (duration of the disease about 3 years before diagnosis) skin sickness with multiple, flat, grey to brown, up to 0.5 cm large, blurred, slightly scaly, velvety papules, which can confluent to larger (up to 10 cm), flat homogeneous plaques, but can also form net-like or stripy patterns and can confluent to dirty-brown areas in the intertriginous areas.
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
DiagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
Criteria varies according to Davies:
- velvety, brown-yellow or brownish papules and plaques
- filled flat plaques or net-like patterns
- seborrhoic zones
- proximal trunk, neck, also genital region
- chronic course
- negative fungus detection
- no therapeutic success with antimycotics
- no itching
- Good response to minocycline/doxycycline
- Histology not very specific.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
External therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Mild keratolytic measures with urea-containing external agents, e.g. a 5-10% anionic urea cream R102 or emulsion R104.
If pityrosporon species are detected, supplementary antimycotic therapy with a solution containing clotrimazole(e.g. Canesten solution, Cutistad, R055 ) or an antimycotic cream, e.g. ketoconazole cream(e.g. Nizoral) or bifonazole cream(e.g. Mycospor).
Internal therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Good therapeutic success is achieved with Minocycline 2 times/day 50-100 mg p.o. (complete healing in 6-8 weeks/75% of cases) or Doxycyclin 2x/day 100mg p.o.
Therapy duration 6-8 weeks. Recurrences after discontinuation are possible.
Alternatively, a systemic therapy with acitretin or isotretinoin can be applied.
Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
It is to be assumed that the clinical picture of the "confluent and reticular papillomatosis" described by Gougerot and Carteaud does not conceal an etiopathogenetically uniform clinical picture. Rather microbial factors, a tendency to obesity, genetic factors like dark-skinnedness seem to lead to this mild cornification anomaly.
Case report(s)This section has been translated automatically.
- 16-year-old obese patient with 2 years of non-itching HV on the décolleté and neck. Findings: Meshed, also stripy, grey-brown papules confluent to larger plaques in places, sometimes verrucous.
- Histology: Discrete lymphocytic superficial interstitial dermatitis with papillomatosis and orthohyperkeratosis. In the stratum corneum masses of bacteria. No mycelia or spores.
- Mycology (native preparation): Neg.
- Bacteriology: Staph. aureus, Minocycline sensitive.
- Laboratory: Inconspicuous.
- Therapy: Initially frustrating external (keratolytic) therapy with urea, benzoyl peroxide and glucocorticoids. Internal therapy with minocycline (2 times/day 50 mg p.o.) over 6 weeks complete healing of all HV.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Açıkgöz G et al (2014) Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome) in two brothers. Acta dermatovenerol Croat 22:57-59
- Berk DR (2010) Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis response to 70% alcohol swabbing. Arch Dermatol 147: 247-248
- Davis MD et al (2006) Confluent and reticulate papillomatosis (Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome): a minocycline-responsive dermatosis without evidence for yeast in pathogenesis. A study of 39 patients and a proposal of diagnostic criteria. Br J Dermatol 154:287-293
- Gougerot H, Carteaud A (1927) Papillomatosis pigmentée innominée. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syph 34: 719-721
- Jankowska-Konsur A et al (2013) Confluent brownish papules and plaques on the neck, upper chest and back: a quiz. Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis of Gougerot and Carteaud. Acta Derm Venereol 93:493-494
- Jo S et al (2014) Updated diagnosis criteria for confluent and reticulated papillomatosis: a case report. Ann Dermatol 26:409-410
- Koguchi H et al (2013) Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis associated with 15q tetrasomy syndrome. Acta Derm Venereol 93: 202-203
- Löwenstein M (2006) Successful minocycline therapy of Papillomatosis confluens et reticularis Gougerot-Carteaud. JDDG 7: 556-557
- Nishikawa T (2002) Comment on the contribution by Weigl CB et al "Papillomatosis confluens et reticularis". Dermatologist 53: 369
- Tamraz H et al (2013) Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis: clinical and histopathological study of 10 cases from Lebanon. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 27:e119-123
- Wagner et al (2004) Pityriasis versicolor under the clinical picture of a papillomatosis confluens et reticularis. Nude Dermatol 30: 114-119
- Wiesenborn A et al (2004) Papillomatosis confluens et reticularis. dermatologist 55: 976-978
Incoming links (17)Adiposity skin changes; Clotrimazole solution hydrophile 1% (nrf 11.40.); Dowling-degos disease; Erythrodermia papillaris et reticularis; Erythrokeratodermia papillaris et reticularis; Galli-galli disease; Gougerot-carteaud syndrome; Gougerot, henri; Papillomatosis confluente et réticulée; Papillomatosis, confluent reticular; ... Show all
Outgoing links (17)Acanthosis nigricans benigna; Acanthosis nigricans (overview); Bifonazole; Clotrimazole; Clotrimazole solution hydrophile 1% (nrf 11.40.); Cornification; Galli-galli disease; Ketoconazole; Malassezia furfur; Minocycline; ... Show all
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