DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Originally native to Asia, now established worldwide, biennial, 30-60 cm high plant from the umbelliferae family (Apiaceae) with a beet-like root. Caraway is of great importance both as a spice and as a natural medicine (see phytotherapy). The leaves are two- to three-pinnate. Its flower is white to pink. The flowering period extends from May to July. Caraway seed is 0.3-0.7 cm and somewhat crescent-shaped curved.
Caraway is used to make schnapps (aquavit) and liqueurs.
Caraway is the parent plant of Carvi fructus, the officinal extract from caraway fruits according to DAB9,OAB90.
Field of application/useThis section has been translated automatically.
Caraway contains essential oils (obtained by pressing the seeds) with carvone and limonene being the main components. Carvone is the main odour component.
Caraway stimulates the appetite, has an antiphlogistic effect on cramps, colics and flatulence, and apparently also relieves pain.
Black cumin oil can also be used in ointments (50% caraway oil content); combinations with marigold extracts are also sold.
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Undesirable effectsThis section has been translated automatically.
Allergic reactions to caraway are very rare (see below caraway allergy). Systemic reactions (urticaria, bronchial asthma) have been reported in a few individual cases.
Recipe(s)This section has been translated automatically.
The fixed combination peppermint leaves+camomile flowers+caraway seeds consists of:
has an antispasmodic effect and is used for dyspeptic complaints such as flatulence, bloating and cramps in the gastrointestinal tract.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Wenigmann M. (2017) Phytotherapy medicinal drugs, phytopharmaceuticals, application. Urban & Fischer, pp. 142-143