Tetracaine

Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Synonym(s)

Acoin Solution

Definition
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Ester-type local anesthetic.

Indication
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Surface and conduction anaesthesia, s.a. Articaine.

Notice! LA with the highest toxicity!

Dosage and method of use
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  • Eye drops: For surface anaesthesia of the eye, put 1-2 trps into the conjunctival sac, gently close the eyelids for a short time. Repeat application several times to achieve sufficient anaesthesia.
  • Acoin spray: 1-2 spray bursts on the mucosal area to be anaesthetised, e.g. before oral conduction anaesthesia.
  • Acoin solution: Apply undiluted 1-4 ml to the area to be anaesthetized or instill.

Undesirable effects
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  • Allergic reactions.
  • Impairment of the nervous system (e.g. dizziness, cramps, vomiting).
  • Impairments of the cardiovascular system (e.g. bradycardia, dysrhythmia).

Interactions
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Sulfonamide effect is reduced.

Contraindication
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  • Hypersensitivity to alkyl 4-hydroxybenzoates (paragroup allergy).
  • Acute and/or severe cardiovascular diseases (e.g. decompensated heart failure).

Preparations
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Ophtocaine N, Gingicaine, Acoin
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Last updated on: 29.10.2020