DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
- Search, confirmation and progress reactions:
- Search reaction: TPHA test, VDRL.
- Confirmatory reaction: FTA test, FTA-Abs test (gold standard of confirmatory test procedures).
- Follow-up, assessment of infection activity and titer determination can be performed by VDRL and cardiolipin-KBR. The detection of IgM antibodies against Treponema pallidum can also be performed by IgM FTA-Abs test or by 19S IgM-FTA test.
- are of importance in diagnostics today:
- TPHA test (Treponema pallidum hemaglutination test): screening test with high specificity (0.2% false reactive findings). Detection of IgM and IgG antibodies. Reaction in all phases of the disease. Positive from the 3rd postinfection week. Low titers persist for life.
- FTA test (Flurescence Treponema Pallidum Antibody Absorption Test): High specificity and sensitivity (false reactive findings in 1%). With the 19S IgM FTA Abs Abs test, fresh infections can be diagnosed from the 2nd postinfection week.
- VDRL: Non-specific but quantitatively evaluable for activity and success assessment. Titres above 1:10 indicate active syphilis. Positive test from the 5th week post infection. Time course and correlation with the clinic: S.u. Syphilis acquisita.
Notice! In principle, the serological diagnosis of syphilis should combine non-specific with specific test procedures, such as the VDRL test and/or the TPHA test as a screening test in combination with the FTA-Abs test as a confirmatory test.