HistoryThis section has been translated automatically.
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Rare, chronic, recurrent disease with formation of strictly subcorneal sterile pustules.
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EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
ManifestationThis section has been translated automatically.
Occurs more frequently after the age of 50.
Women are 4 times more frequently affected than men.
Rarely in children.
LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
Mainly stem, especially intertriginous areas and head are affected. The soles of the feet and palms of the hands and mucous membranes remain free.
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Symmetrically arranged, grouped, also anularly arranged, initially tight pustules which become flabby as they grow larger, surrounded by a narrow inflammatory border. As the cover of the pustules is very vulnerable, they burst prematurely.
Confluence and transformation lead to the formation of circulatory or polycyclic, weeping and crust-covered areas with collerette-like bladder cover remnants. Also typical is the healing pattern with extensive erythema surrounded by a marginal scarlatinous scaling border. Often craniocaudal sequence of the exanthema eruption.
In case of fresh pustule, considerable feeling of illness, accompanied by a steep rise in fever. Always detectable neutrophil leukocytosis.
LaboratoryThis section has been translated automatically.
- Increase of SPA and CRP.
- Mostly pronounced neutrophilic leukocytosis.
- Pustular smear: Numerous neutrophils, rarely eosinophils.
- Serum protein electrophoresis: paraproteinemia in up to 40% of cases. Often monoclonal IgA gammopathy or IgG gammopathy.
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
External therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Radiation therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Internal therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
- DADPS (e.g. Dapson-Fatol) 100-150 mg/day, but only a morbostatic effect can be achieved Experimentally aromatic retinoids such as acitretin (neotigason) 0.5-1.0 mg/kg bw/day or isotretinoin (e.g. isotretinoin-ratiopharm; acne normin) 20-40 mg/day.
- In therapy-resistant cases, methotrexate therapy(e.g. MTX) at 5-15 mg/week should be considered.
- Alternatively, an experiment with fumaric acid esters (Fumaderm) can be undertaken.
- Alternative: In individual cases the TNF-alpha inhibitors Infliximab and Etanercept were successful.
- Alternative: In further individual cases, therapy successes with Ciclosporin A, Mycophenolatmofetil, Adalimumab were reported.
Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
The entity of this clinical picture is increasingly being questioned.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
Canpolat F et al (2010) A case of subcorneal pustular dermatosis in association with monoclonal IgA gammopathy successfully treated with acitretin. J Dermatolog Treat 21:114-116
- Dallot A et al (1988) Subcorneal pustular dermatosis (Sneddon-Wilkonson disease) with amicrobial lymph node suppuration and aseptic spleen abscesses. Brit J Dermatol 119: 803-807
- Kocak M et al (2003) Juvenile subcorneal pustular dermatosis: a case report. Pediatric Dermatol 20: 57-59
- Nagai H, Harada S. (2002) Subcorneal pustular dermatosis accompanied by seronegative arthritis. Acta Derm Venereol 82: 318-319
Naretto C et al (2009) The case of SLE associated Sneddon-Wilkinson pustular disease successfully and safely treated with infliximab. Lupus 18:856-857
- Rasch A et al (2009) Subcorneal pustulosis with combined lack of IgG/IgM and monoclonal gammopathy type IgA/Kappa. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 7:693-696
- Ratnarathorn M et al (2008) Subcorneal pustular dermatosis (Sneddon-Wilkinsondisease
) occurring in association with nodal marginal zone lymphoma: a casereport
. Dermatol Online J 15:6.
- Reed J, Wilkinson J (2000) Subcorneal pustular dermatosis. Clin Dermatol 18: 301-313
Sandhu K et al (2003) Inverse subcorneal pustular dermatosis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 17: 348-349
- Scalvenzi M et al (2013) Subcorneal pustular dermatosis in childhood: a case report and review of the literature. Case Rep Dermatol Med doi: 10.1155/2013/424797.
- Sneddon I, Wilkinson D (1956) Subcorneal pustular dermatosis. Br J Dermatol 68: 385-394
Incoming links (15)Acitretin; Betamethasone valerate emulsion hydrophilic 0,025/0,05 or 0,1 % (nrf 11.47.); Clioquinol lotio 0.5-5%; Collerette; Dermatitis-arthritis syndromes; Erythema necrolyticum migrans; Etanercept; Pemphigus iga pemphigus; Pustular psoriasis; Sneddon, ian bruce; ... Show all
Outgoing links (29)Acitretin; Adalimumab; Betamethasone; Betamethasone valerate emulsion hydrophilic 0,025/0,05 or 0,1 % (nrf 11.47.); Ciclosporin a; Clioquinol; Clioquinol lotio 0.5-5%; Contagious impetigo; Dadps; Dermatitis herpetiformis; ... Show all
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