HistoryThis section has been translated automatically.
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
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Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
Both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritances have been described.
Isolated occurrence, also in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan syndrome, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Rothmund syndrome or Thomson syndrome, Down syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta, in renal dysfunction or D-penicillamine-induced(long-term therapy in Wilson's disease and cystinuria).
ManifestationThis section has been translated automatically.
The first symptoms can already appear in childhood.
Average first manifestation at age 55. Duration of illness 7-8 months .
LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
Mainly lower extremities, more rarely on the neck, neck, arms (elbow area).
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Onset with single 0.2-0.5 cm, red, firm, smooth or slightly keratotic, asymptomatic (mild itching possible) papules that aggregate to form anular or serpiginous plaques with hyperkeratotic overlays. Subsequently, the clinical picture is characterized by peripheral progression and central healing tendency, so that the anular/serpiginous structures (up to 5.0-7.0 cm in diameter) are even more accentuated (see Fig.).
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Homogeneous elastotic material in the papillary body that is eliminated transepidermally. The surrounding infiltrate corresponds to that of a foreign body granuloma.
Histopathologically transepidermal elimination of morphologically and biochemically altered elastic fibers and necrotic cells of dermal connective tissue. Reactive proliferation of the epithelium with acanthosis, hyperkeratosis and inclusion of elastotic material.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
Hyperkeratosis follicularis et parafollicularis in cutem penetrans (M.Kyrle) - its existence is often doubted!
Reactive perforating collagenosis: Rare chronic skin disease characterized by transepidermal elimination of collagen and/or elastin by the skin. In the acquired (acquired collagenosis) form occurring in adults, it is often associated with diabetes mellitus and/or chronic end-stage renal failure. No serpiginous or anular formations. Hsitology is diagnostic.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Remark: Caution with aggressive forms of therapy, as keloids are often formed!
Progression/forecastThis section has been translated automatically.
Usually progression over many years. Spontaneous regression or keloid formation possible.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Campanati A et al. (2014) Elastosis perforans serpiginosa: a case successfully treated with intralesional steroids and topical allium cepa-allantoin-pentaglycan gel. Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 23:39-41
- Deguti MM et al (2002) Elastosis perforans serpiginosa secondary to D-penicillamine treatment in a Wilson's disease patient. Am J Gastroenterol 97: 2153-2154.
- De Pasquale R et al. (2002) Elastosis perforans serpiginosa in an adult with Down's syndrome: report of a case with symmetrical Kawakami T et al.(2020) Guideline: Clinical practice guide for the treatment of perforating dermatosis doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15647localized involvement. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 16: 387-389.
- Escribano-Stablé JC et al (2014) Tacalcitol in the treatment of acquired perforating collagenosis. Case Rep Dermatol 6:69-73
- Fischer H (1927) Peculiar anatomical findings in a skin disease. Zbl Haut-Geschlechtskrkh 220: 599.
- Heusinkveld LE et al (2021) Penicillamine-induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa and pseudo-pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Int J Womens Dermatol 7: 822-823.
- Kawakami T et al.(2020) Guideline: Clinical practice guide for the treatment of perforating dermatosis doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15647.
- Lutz W (1953) Keratosis follicularis serpiginosa. Dermatologica 106: 318-320
- Kim SW et al.(2014) A clinicopathologic study of thirty cases of acquired perforating dermatosis in Korea. Ann Dermatol 26:162-171
- Lother AS et al (2013) Chronic annular lesions of the cheeks. Elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS). Int J Dermatol 52:649-650
- Miescher G (1955) Elastoma intrapapillare perforans verruciforme. Dermatologica 110: 254-266
- Valenzuela-Ubiña S et al (2020) Elastosis perforans serpiginosa induced by d-penicillamine treated with cyclosporine and allopurinol. Dermatol Ther 33:e13692.
- Wilhem KP et al (1994) Penicillamine-induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa. Dermatol Ther 45: 45-47
- Wilms A et al (1997) Elastosis perforans serpiginosa in Down syndrome. Dermatologist 48: 923-925
Incoming links (15)Collagenosis reactive perforating; Dermatosis perforating; Elastoma intrapapillary perforans verruciforme; Elastomer, perforating; Élastose perforante serpigineuse de lutz-miescher; Elastosis perforans; Keratosis follicularis serpiginosa; Kyrle's disease; Lutz-miescher disease; Lutz, wilhelm; ... Show all
Outgoing links (20)Calcipotriol; Collagenosis reactive perforating; Cryosurgery; Curettage; Down syndrome; D-Penicillamine; Dye laser; Ehlers-danlos syndrome; Excision; Glucorticosteroids topical; ... Show all
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