Candida balanitis B37.41

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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balanitis candidamycetica; balanoposthitis candidamycetica; candida balanitis; Candidabalanitis; Candida Balanitis; Soorbalanitis; Soorbalanoposthitis

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Infection of the glans and foreskin leaf (balanoposthitis) by yeast fungi, most frequently caused by Candida albicans.

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Candida species, especially Candida albicans, more rarely Candida glabrata and other species (facultative pathogens)

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Prolonged local therapy with corticosteroid-containing or antibiotic ointments, inadequate or excessive hygiene, phimosis, lichen sclerosus, diabetes mellitus, endocrine disorders, immunosuppression A frequent source of infection is the sexual partner (colonisation of the vagina with Candida species).

Clinical features
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Initially itching and slight, initially spotty redness.

Later development of a succulent, bright red, flat erythemawith a moist, shiny surface.

Then development of white, spot-like efflorescences, which can confluent to flat whitish coatings (thrush). If left untreated, delicate, whitish scaly ruffles form. In the further course of the disease swelling of the inner preputial leaf can occur. Phimosis can occur as a complication.

Well "cared for" Balanitis candidamycetica does not have any whitish deposits but only flat, moderately itchy erythema.

The clinical picture is extremely variable, vesiculo-pustular, diffuse erosive and eczematous forms are possible.

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Swab: Pathogen detection in native preparation and culture, stool analysis for yeasts, urine status.

General therapy
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Thorough hygiene advice.

Washing mode: Use pure olive oil for cleaning, do not use soap, rinse if necessary, do not use washcloths because of risk of contamination. Treat underwear and towels as boil wash (wash at > 90 °C).

Clarification of possible basic diseases such as intestinal candidosis, diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency diseases.

Ask for frequent intake of broad-spectrum antibiotics.

External therapy
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External antimycotics, e.g. 1-2% clotrimazole ointment (O/W emulsions or lotions), alternatively nystatin-containing external preparations (e.g. Candio-Hermal Softpaste, Multilind healing paste, nystatin-dequalinium chloride cream). Afterwards gauze strips are placed in the sulcus glandis and in the meantime baths with synthetic tanning agents (e.g. Tannosynt). In the case of highly inflammatory components, a combination preparation of glucocorticoid and antimycotic (e.g. Candio Hermal Plus) over a few days. Disinfecting baths, especially for accompanying bacterial infections, e.g. with aqueous potassium permanganate solution (light pink) or aqueous quinolinol solution (e.g. Chinosol 0.5-1:1000), and polyvidon-iodine ointment (e.g. R204, Braunovidon ointment). If necessary, brushing with aqueous dye solutions such as methylrosanilinium chloride solution or eosin solution ( eosin disodium solution, ethanol-containing 0.5/1/2%, eosin disodium solution, aqueous 0.5/1/2%). Cave! Do not apply dye solutions too frequently!

Notice! It is important to treat your partner as well!

Internal therapy
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In case of underlying intestinal candidosis Nystatin 3 times/day 500,000 IU p.o., in case of severe infestation 3 times/day 1 million IU (e.g. Mykundex Drg.) over 12 days.

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  1. Nyirjesy P et al (2013) Genital mycotic infections in patients with diabetes. Postgraduate Med 125:33-46.


Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.


Last updated on: 29.10.2020