DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
190 kDa glycoprotein found in the gamma globulin fraction in serum immunoelectrophoresis. IgE accounts for only 0.004% of serum immunoglobulins and has the typical shape of the Y, similar to IgG or IgD, but a longer stem.
IgE production is detectable from the 11th week of gestation. IgE is detectable in the cord blood of approximately 50% of newborns. The plasma half-life of IgE is about 2 days.
The pathogenetic significance of allergen-specific IgE in rhinitis allergica and bronchial asthma consists in IgE-mediated activation of inflammatory cells, especially mast cells by allergens with consecutive liberation of preformed and newly generated mediators. IgE binds to mast cells or basophilic granulocytes via Fc receptors and can persist there for years. It also plays an important role in the defence against parasites and worms. An IgE-dependent cytotoxicity mediated by eosinophil granulocytes is assumed.
General informationThis section has been translated automatically.
Indications for the determination of total IgE are mostly given in connection with the determination of specific IgE:
- In the presence of an atopic disposition.
- Total IgE in cord blood: A value can only be assessed if contamination with maternal blood is excluded. An increase in umbilical cord IgE >0.9U/ml can be considered a predictive parameter for atopic risk.
- As an interpretation aid for the assessment of the specific IgE.
- In parasitoses (especially in blood eosinophilia with negative parasite findings (tropical eosinophilia):
- After certain infectious diseases:
- In congenital or acquired immune deficiencies:
- Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
- ataxia teleangiectatica
- Nezelof Syndrome
- Di George syndrome
- Hyper-IgE Syndrome
- HIV infection (especially in the late stage, with pronounced depletion of CD4 cells, development of an atopia-like syndrome with excessively elevated IgE)
- T-cell lymphomas (especially in erythrodermic T-cell lymphomas, e.g. in the Sezary syndrome; see also lymphoma, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma).
- As a supplementary diagnosis for diseases which may be associated with atopy:
Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
Standard values: The information on reference ranges for IgE varies and may be different depending on the method used. At the age of 6-14 years, the range is widest.
- Normal values:
- Newborns: < 2.0 U/ml
- 1st year: 40.0 U/ml
- 2nd year: 100.0 U/ml
- 3rd year: 150.0 U/ml
- 5th year: 190,0 U/ml
- 6th year: 150.0 U/ml
- > 16 years: 120.0 U/ml.
The highest values (> 10,000 U/ml) are found in atopic eczema. If the values are excessively elevated (> 20,000 U/ml), a cellular immunodeficiency must be considered in the differential diagnosis. High total IgE in combination with high blood eosinophilia is typical for parasitosis. An increase in umbilical cord IgE > 0.9 U/ml can be considered a predictive parameter for an atopic risk. The reverse conclusion is not allowed. In one study it was reported that in 60% of all patients with chronic urticaria the total IgE was elevated.
Pathologically increased: parasitosis, malignant tumors, hyper-IgE syndrome, allergy, atopic dermatosis, congenital and acquired T-cell functional diseases.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Buss YA et al (2007) Chronic urticaria--which clinical parameters are pathogenetically relevant? A retrospective investigation of 339 patients. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 5: 22-27
- Renz H et al (2009) In vitro allergy diagnostics. Guideline of the German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI) Allergo J 19: 110-128