Angioedema episodic with eosinophilia T78.3

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 29.10.2020

Dieser Artikel auf Deutsch

Synonym(s)

Episodic angioedema associated with eosinophilia; Episodic angioedema with eosinophilia; Equal Syndrome; Equal syndromes; Gleich Syndrome

History
This section has been translated automatically.

Same, 1984

Definition
This section has been translated automatically.

Rare, chronically recurrent clinical picture with severe angioedema, urticaria and often very high peripheral (primary) eosinophilia (up to > 50,000/ul).

Etiopathogenesis
This section has been translated automatically.

Unexplained; T-cell defects and functional disorders of the eosinophilic granulocytes have been demonstrated. Also occurred after taking ECE inhibitors.

Manifestation
This section has been translated automatically.

Different ages; young people can also be affected.

Clinical features
This section has been translated automatically.

Mostly dramatic, recurrent (monthly intervals; also more often), most severe swelling of the face, neck, extremities and trunk. These episodic angioedema can be combined with high fever attacks, arthralgias, weight loss. The episodes can also occur after infections.

Laboratory
This section has been translated automatically.

Marked eosinophilia (60-80%) in peripheral blood, elevated serum IgM.

Differential diagnosis
This section has been translated automatically.

Angioedema of other etiology, nonepisodic angioedema with eosinophilia, capillary leak syndrome.

Therapy
This section has been translated automatically.

The clinical picture responds well to higher and medium doses of glucocorticoids (e.g. prednisolone 1.0-1.5 mg/kg bw/day).

Occasionally, success with IVIG has also been described.

A case report is available on effects with "Suplatast tosilate", an anti-allergic Th2 cytokine inhibitor.

Note(s)
This section has been translated automatically.

A clinically similar clinical picture is seen with the " capillary leak syndrome" in the treatment of malignant tumours with interleukin-2. There are close relationships to the hypereosinophilia syndrome. In individual cases, episodic eosinophilic angioedema occurred in connection with the intake of ACE inhibitors (see eosinophilia below).

Literature
This section has been translated automatically.

  1. Abouzahir A et al (2005) Equal syndromes. A case report and review of the literature. Rev Med Internal 26: 137-140
  2. Banerji A et al (2006) Cytokine-associated angioedema syndromes including episodic angioedema with eosinophilia (Gleich's syndrome). Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 26: 769-81
  3. Equals GJ, Schroeter AL, Marcoux JP, Sachs MI, O'Connell EJ, Kohler PF (1984) Episodic angioedema associated with eosinophilia. Trans Assoc Am Physicians. 97: 25-32
  4. Hashizume H et al (2014) Treatment of non-episodic angioedema associated with eosinophilia with suplatast tosilate, an anti-allergic selective Th2 cytokine inhibitor. Eur J Dermatol 24:250-252

  5. Motegi S et al (2013) Elevated serum levels of TARC/CCL17, eotaxin-3/CCL26 and vascular endothelial growth factor in a patient with non-episodic angioedema associated with eosinophilia and granulomatous cutaneous reaction. Eur J Dermatol 23:524-526
  6. Panaszek B et al (2003) Blood and tissue eosinophilia in patient with angioedema caused by inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzymes (ACE). Pol Arch Med Wewn 110: 1339- 1343
  7. Stockner I et al (2008) Non-episodic angioedema associated with eosinophilia following Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Clin Rheumatol 27:1573-1576

Disclaimer

Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.

Authors

Last updated on: 29.10.2020