DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Soap bark, also known as Panama bark, consists of the dried, cut bark of trunks of the soap bark tree (Quillaja saponaria), largely freed from cork and outer bark. This tree belongs to the rose family. The home of the soap bark tree is Chile, Bolivia and Peru. It is cultivated in southern Europe.
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Soap bark is used cosmetically and medicinally in soaps, especially in hair shampoos, also as an expectorant. Furthermore, local treatments of psoriasis, seborrheic eczema and scalp eczema are carried out with the extractum fluidum. A tincture of soap bark and alcohol is a component of Liquor carbonis detergens. Furthermore, components of soap bark are used as adjuvants in various vaccines (see below). Vaccines (see below ISCOM; ISCOMATRIX).
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The drug is considered to be the dried bark. A tincture is produced from dried bark by extraction.
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- Arabski M et al.m(2012) Effects of saponins against clinical E. coli strains and eukaryotic cell line. J Biomed Biotechnol doi: 10.1155/2012/286216
- Grandón AS et al. (2013) Variation of saponin contents and physiological status in Quillaja saponaria under different environmental conditions. Nat Prod Commun 8:1697-7100
- Naknukool S et al (2011) Stimulating macrophage activity in mice and humans by oral administration of quillaja saponin. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem75:1889-1893
- Ragupathi G et al (2011) Natural and synthetic saponin adjuvant QS-21 for vaccines against cancer. Expert Rev Vaccines10:463-70
- Luzhetskyy A et al (2008) Glycosyltransferases, importanttools for drug design. Curr Top Med Chem 8:680-709
- Wojciechowski K (2013) Surface activity of saponin from Quillaja bark at the air/water and oil/water interfaces. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 108:95-102