DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica), also called mountain coffee or Java coffee, is the most important plant species from the coffee genus within the family of the reddish plants (Rubiaceae). It originally comes from southwestern Ethiopia, but many varieties are grown in numerous tropical and subtropical countries.
General informationThis section has been translated automatically.
Coffea arabica grows as a shrub or tree and reaches growth heights of almost 5 m. The opposite leaves on the branches are about 1 cm long and dark green in colour. In the leaf axils there are some white, fragrant, small inflorescences, each containing about three flowers.
The coffee cherry is an elongated drupe, red when ripe. Its seeds are the so-called coffee beans.
Coffea arabica is the parent plant of Coffea carbo