DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Allium cepa l var. cepa (the kitchen onion) is the parent plant of Allii cepae bulbi, the official drug monographed by Commission E or WHO.
ClassificationThis section has been translated automatically.
Biologically, the genus Allium is divided into two varieties, Var. cepa, the edible onion, and Var. ascalonicum Baker, the shallot. Other important vegetable species of the genus Allium are garlic, leek, chives and wild garlic as an intermediate and wild form. In naturopathy, the kitchen onion is traded as a universal remedy. Its essential oils have a strong antibacterial and disinfecting effect, antiphlogistic and pain-relieving.
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Spectrum of actionThis section has been translated automatically.
Antibacterial, antiasthmatic, anti-allergic, inhibition of platelet aggregation, anti-inflammatory, wound healing.
Field of application/useThis section has been translated automatically.
Crushed onions, pressed juice of fresh onions or ready-to-take medicines.
IndicationThis section has been translated automatically.
cough, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, for flatulence
Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
All onions contain allicin, a sulphurous essential oil which is responsible for the natural antibiotic effect of the kitchen onions. The following ingredients have also been proven to be present: glutamyl peptides, alliin and derivatives such as cycloalliin, methylalliin, dihydroalliin; vitamin C (raw only), potassium, calcium and phosphorus, sodium and iron.
Alliin and its derivatives provide thiosulphinic acid esters and cepaen on enzymatic hydrolysis (in case of tissue damage), furthermore thiopropionaldehyde-S-oxide (CH3-CH2-CH=SO), the substance that causes tears.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Ammon H et al (2014). Hunnius Pharmaceutical Dictionary. Walter de Gruyter GmbH Berlin/Boston S 247