DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Water hammer pulse = Pulsus celer et altus (from Latin: pulsus= blow, celer= fast, altus= high/large)
A pulsus celer et altus denotes a pulse finding which is very strong on palpation (altus) and at the same time has a high slope, i.e. quickly reaches the maximum (celer). The systolic blood pressure is high, whereas the diastolic blood pressure is low (e.g. RR 170/50 mmHg).
In the extreme form, a pulse-synchronous nodding of the head or a pulse-synchronous booming of the head can occur due to the high blood pressure amplitude.
- Typical causes can be:
- Aortic valve insufficiency
- Persistent ductus arteriosus
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Herold G et al (2018) Internal Medicine, Herold Verlag p. 177