Furniture for fame
HistoryThis section has been translated automatically.
Löch, 1875; Osler, 1890; Councilman and Lafleur, 1891; Walker and Sellards, 1913; Brumpt, 1925; Diamond and Clark, 1993
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
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PathogenThis section has been translated automatically.
- Apathogenic amoebae: apathogenic Entamoeba histolytica (new name Entamoeba dispar), Entamoeba moshkovskii, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba hartmanni, Endolimax nana, Jodamoeba bütschlii, Dientamoeba fragilis (taxonomically belonging to the trichomonads), rare: Entamoeba chattoni (monkeys), Entamoeba polecki (pig).
- Pathogenic amoebae: Entamoeba histolytica.
- Route of infection: Faecal-oral uptake of cysts with contaminated food; release of smaller, vegetative forms, so-called minuta forms (trophozoites) from cysts in the intestine. Trophozoites multiply by division and form cysts, which are excreted with the stool in a mature, quadrenuclear state. When trophozoites penetrate the intestinal wall and phagocytise erythrocytes, they become so-called magnaforms.
Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Predominantly in warm countries with low hygienic standards, autochthonous infections in temperate zones are very rare (e.g. sluice-workers), occurrence in male homosexuals (oral-anal contacts, rectal lavage).
DiagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
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Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
The initial description of the pathogens has been made under many partial aspects:
- Fedor Löch (1875): First description of dysentery and amoebae as a triggering agent.
- William Osler (1890): first case description of diarrhoea with accompanying liver abscess.
- Councilman and Lafleur (1891): confirmation of the connection between amoebae as a cause of diarrhoea and liver abscesses.
- Walker and Sellards (1913): Proof of the pathogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica by enteral administration of cysts to volunteers.
- Brumpt (1925): Presumption of the existence of invasive and non-invasive forms of amoebae.
- Diamond and Clark (1993): biochemical, immunological and genetic differentiation of pathogenic and non-pathogenic amoebae.
- WHO (1997): official confirmation of the classification.
Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.