DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Notifiable salmonella infection with typhoid-like course.
PathogenThis section has been translated automatically.
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Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Incidence (Germany): 0.1-0.2/100,000 inhabitants/year. The diseases occur predominantly in migrants (India, Turkey, Pakistan, Nepal, Asian republics of the former Soviet Union).
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
- Extracutaneous manifestations: The incubation period is 1-10 days depending on the severity of the infection. Gastrointestinal symptoms with diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever up to 40 °C may be present with varying degrees of severity. Mostly there is a slight jaundice.
- Integument: After 10-14 days an exanthema develops which is at first truncated with numerous monomorphic red spots (roseoles). In the course of the disease the exanthema spreads to the extremities, hands and feet are free. There are often associations with recurrent herpes simplex labialis.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
The antibiotic systemic therapy with gyrase inhibitors such as ciprofloxacin 2 times/day 500 mg p.o. or a broad-spectrum cephalosporin (e.g. ceftriaxone) is in the foreground. Therapy duration: 2 weeks. Alternatively: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or β-lactam antibiotics like ampicillin. For the sanitation of permanent eliminators, the administration of ciprofloxacin over a period of 4 weeks or of ceftriaxone for 2 weeks is recommended.
Progression/forecastThis section has been translated automatically.
In early stages of the disease, usually complete healing under antibiotic systemic therapy. About 1-5% of patients develop into permanent eliminators. A survived typhus disease leaves behind an immunity that lasts for about one year, but which can be broken at any time with a high dose of infection.
ProphylaxisThis section has been translated automatically.
Vaccination before travelling to endemic areas.
Incoming links (6)Epidemic typhus; Obligation to notify; Roseoles; Salmonellosis; Striae cutis distensae; Testicular atrophy, postinfectious;
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