Nevus verrucosus Q82.5

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 14.12.2021

Dieser Artikel auf Deutsch

Synonym(s)

epidermal nevus; Epidermal nevus; epidermal nevus of the hard type; Hard epidermal nevus; Hyperkeratotic nevus; Naevus epidermal hard; nevus durus; Nevus Harder; nevus hyperkeratotic; Nevus verrucous; Severe nevus; verrucosal nevus; verrucous nevus; Verrucous nevus

Definition
This section has been translated automatically.

Following the Blaschko lines, possibly hemifacial (unilateral epidermal naevus), or also (more rarely) bilateral, epidermal hamartoma (epidermal naevus).

The common epidermal hamartoma of the hard type is linear or arranged in a swirly pattern and is characterized by a hard, warty, dirty-brown surface.

The common epidermal hamartoma of the soft type is also linear or arranged in a whorled pattern and is characterized by a soft, velvety, dirty-brown surface.

Occurrence/Epidemiology
This section has been translated automatically.

Incidence is estimated at 1:1000 births.

Manifestation
This section has been translated automatically.

Congenital or occurring in early childhood. 80% of epidermal hamartomas (nevi) are diagnosable in the first year of life.

Localization
This section has been translated automatically.

Face, neck, torso, extremities.

Clinical features
This section has been translated automatically.

Bizarrely configured, often following a swirling line pattern (fountain pattern), linear or planar, often yellow or yellow-brown in infancy or early childhood, later brown or brown-black papules and/or plaques with a warty surface.

In the case of a cutaneous mosaic pattern, the border is usually abrupt towards the midline(nevus verrucosus unius lateralis).

Rarer is a bilateral or also generalized distribution pattern (see Fign.).

The unique swirling pattern (see below Blaschko lines) identifies the skin change as a cutaneous mosaic.

Histology
This section has been translated automatically.

Differential diagnosis
This section has been translated automatically.

Therapy
This section has been translated automatically.

Possibly excision or dermabrasion of cosmetically disturbing areas. Alternative therapy with 0.05% vitamin A acid cream R256, if necessary retinoids internally.

Progression/forecast
This section has been translated automatically.

The skin changes are usually only discreetly visible at the initial manifestation, inconspicuous, flat, surface-smooth. In the course of the years, continuously increasing, verrucous aspect.

Surprisingly, at times almost complete regression of an extensive verrucous nevus, with recurrence in the same location after several months, has been observed (see Fig.).

Note(s)
This section has been translated automatically.

A special form of an epidermal hamartoma of the hard type (= naevus verrucosus) is the so-called "epidermolytic epidermal naevus". Its histological peculiarity is granular degeneration or acanthokeratolysis.

Another special form is the so-called "inflammatory epidermal nevus", also known by the acronym ILVEN.

Hamartomas of the skin are described as so-called "organoid epidermal nevi" in which the epidermis and/or skin appendages are altered (e.g. nevus sebaceus).

Literature
This section has been translated automatically.

  1. Kim R et al (2013) Verrucous epidermal nevus. Dermatol Online J 19: 20707
  2. Lapidoth M et al (2013) Treatment of verrucous epidermal nevus: experience with 71 cases. Dermatology 226:342-346
  3. Miranda LQ et al (2013) Analysis of mutations in the PIK3CA and FGFR3 genes in verrucous epidermal nevus. On Bras Dermatol 88(6 Suppl 1):36-38
  4. Rogers M et al (1989) Epidermal nevi and the epidermal nevus syndrome.
    A review of 131 cases. J Am Acad Dermatol 20:476-88.

Disclaimer

Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.

Authors

Last updated on: 14.12.2021