DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Reversible, localized elimination of pain sensation through surface, infiltration (or field block) anesthesia. The term is sometimes used synonymously with "regional anaesthesia".
- The following types of local anaesthesia are distinguished:
- Surface anaesthesia
- Infiltration anaesthesia
- Field block anaesthesia
- Tumescent anesthesia
- Intravenous regional anaesthesia: In this procedure, LA are injected into the vein of a previously anaemic limb. Operations of up to 1 hour can then be performed on this limb (e.g. surgery for Carpatunnel syndrome).
General definitionThis section has been translated automatically.
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Undesirable effectsThis section has been translated automatically.
ContraindicationThis section has been translated automatically.
"Hypersensitivity" (see local anesthetics below) to the preparation, blood clotting disorders, non-cooperative patients or children whose cooperation cannot be expected. Caution! Asking about intolerance of local anesthetics before each local anesthesia is necessary! Note: proarrythmic effect, especially with lidocaine, less with prilocaine.