Lingua plicata K14.5

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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fissured tongue; Furrow tongue; Glossitis dissecans; Hamburger tongue; lingua dissecans; Pleat tongue; scrotal lingua; Scrotal tongue

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Common, harmless, usually congenital architectural norm variant (structural anomaly) of the tongue profile. The lingua plicata can be a partial symptom of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome and Cowden syndrome.

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Prevalence: about 10-15% of the population (Feil ND et al. 2016); m>w;

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A genetic disposition (autosomal dominant inheritance?) is present (see syndromal involvement) There are indications that the same gene as in lingua geographica is affected. Both symptoms often occur together.

Clinical features
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Reinforced, sometimes bizarre, differently deep furrowed (the profile depth is between 0.1-0.3 cm) of the tongue surface with emphasis on the front two thirds. The lateral edges of the tongue can also be affected by the structural anomaly. Approximately 20% of those affected suffer from lingua geographica at the same time.

Differential diagnosis
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In general there is no need for therapy. Careful oral hygiene is recommended. Informing the patient about the harmlessness of the findings.

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020