DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Infections of the skin and/or hair and/or nails caused by fungi Dermatomycoses may have accompanied man since the beginning of his phylogeny. Mycoses of the skin are one of the most common human diseases worldwide (4th place in a worldwide diagnostic statistic). Dermatophytes have adapted optimally to humans and are the cause of endemic dermatophytosis (tinea) worldwide.
PathogenThis section has been translated automatically.
- Trichophyton (thin-walled, smooth, four to six partitions)
- Microsporum (thick and rough walls, at least five partitions)
- Epidermophyton (thick-walled, approximately pear-shaped, up to seven septums).
Dermatomycoses caused by yeasts and moulds are distinct from dermatophytoses:
- Yeasts or shoot fungi (see also candidiasis, pityriasis versicolor, white piedra, pityrosporum folliculitis)
- moulds (see also black piedra, Tinea nigra palmaris et plantaris, aspergillosis).
Most frequently Candida and Pityrosporum species appear as pathogens, more rarely moulds. A clear distinction between yeasts, dermatophytes and other fungi is important with regard to the choice of antifungal agent, as the effectiveness of antifungal agents is not identical against all fungal groups.
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Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
In a larger Japanese study on 36,000 general outpatients, the proportion of dermatomycoses was 8.2%.
In the clientele of dermatomycosis patients the distribution was as follows:
- Tinea pedis: 64% (m:f=1:1)
- Tinea corporis: 6.8% (m:w=1:1)
- Tinea cruris: 3.7% (m:w=4:1)
- Tinea manuum: 1,4% (m:w=1:1)
- Tinea capitis: 0,5% (m:w=4:1)
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
DiagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Hay RJ et al(2014) The global burden of skin disease in 2010: an analysis of the prevalence and impact of skin conditions.J Invest Dermatol 134:1527-1534
- Nenoff, P et al (2014) Mycology - An Update Part 2: Dermatomycoses: Clinical picture and diagnostics. JDDG 12:749-778
- Sei Y (2015) 2011 Epidemiological Survey of Dermatomycoses in Japan. Med Mycol J 56:J129-135
Incoming links (10)Achromia parasitica; Antimycotics; Benhamiae trichophyton; Chronic lymphocytic leukemia; Chrysarobin; Dermatoses, erythematosquamous; Griseofulvin; Microsphere; Mycoses; Occupational dermatoses;
Outgoing links (22)Antimycotics; Aspergillosis; Candidoses; Dermatophytes; Epidermophyton floccosum; Malasseziafolliculitis; Microsporum; Moulds; Mycoses; Piedra, black; ... Show all
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