Comel-netherton syndrome Q80.3

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 23.07.2023

Dieser Artikel auf Deutsch


Comèl syndrome; Erythrokeratoderma Rille-Comel; Ichthyosis linearis circumflexa; ILC; keratosis rubra figurata; Netherton Syndrome

This section has been translated automatically.

Rille, 1922; Comel, 1949

This section has been translated automatically.

Very rare ichthyosiform erythrodermia that is already present at birth and can be classified between ichthyosis and erythrokeratoderma. With hair anomalies picture of the Netherton syndrome.

This section has been translated automatically.

Autosomal recessive inheritance, mutations in the SPINK5 gene (defect identified on chromosome 5q32). The gene encodes a multidomain serine protease inhibitor (Kazal type 5 protein [LEKTI]) expressed mainly in epithelial and lymphoid tissues. There is premature and increased degradation of corneodesmosomes

n, disruption of desquamation, ichthyotic efflorescences with impaired permeability and barrier function of the epidermis.

This section has been translated automatically.

Mostly the first year of life.

Clinical features
This section has been translated automatically.

At birth diffuse reddening (erythroderma) of the integument. The erythroderma is accompanied by severe failure to thrive with recurrent tendency to infection. Diarrhoea symptoms. In the course of the first decade of life the skin changes: there is the formation of wandering, garland-like, map-like, brown-red hyperkeratoses fringed by double scales, with strongly changing form of the individual skin lesions. Lichenification of the large flexures of the joints. Intermittent blistering. Frequent accompanying hair anomalies ( bamboo hairs, trichorrhexis nodosa, pili torti), alopecia.

Atopy and disturbances in amino acid metabolism are also described. The tendency to type I allergies is increased. The total IgE is usually massive (>5000 kU/l). Furthermore, there is a tendency to HPV-induced skin diseases. The clinical picture is often confused with atopic dermatitis.

Increased activity of acid phosphatases as well as β-glucuronidase and transglutaminase in the skin scales. Alteration of the keratin composition, similar to psoriasis vulgaris.

This section has been translated automatically.

  • Acanthosis, hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis.
  • Electron microscopy: proliferative hyperkeratosis with abnormal keratinization. Round-oval cytoplasmic PAS-positive corpuscles in the stratum corneum.

External therapy
This section has been translated automatically.

S.u. Ichthyosis vulgaris, autosomal dominant. In particular 10-12% of externals containing lactic acid or ammonium lactate. Monitoring of secondary infections. If necessary, external preparations with antiseptic additives, e.g. 2% Clioquinol-Lotio R050 or cream (e.g. Linola-Sept).

Internal therapy
This section has been translated automatically.

Acitretin (Neotigason), initial very low dosage (10-35 mg/day) to avoid exacerbation, increase in small steps until clinically optimal setting, maintenance dose: 10-50 mg/day. In children, acitretin therapy is only given under strict consideration of benefits and risks. Dosage: initial 0.5 mg/kg bw/day, maintenance dose: 0.1-0.2 mg/kg bw/day. If necessary also PUVA therapy.

This section has been translated automatically.

Associations with atopy: Patients often have xerosis cutis, increased total IgE, bronchial asthma and food allergies in addition to the known atopic stigmas.

This section has been translated automatically.

  1. Bitoun E et al (2002) Netherton syndrome: disease expression and spectrum of SPINK5 mutations in 21 families. J Invest Dermatol 118: 352-361
  2. Comel M (1949) Ichthyosis linearis circumflexa. Dermatologica 98: 133-136
  3. DiGiovanna JJ et al (2003) Ichthyosis: etiology, diagnosis, and management. At J Clin Dermatol 4: 81-95
  4. Jenneck C et al (2007) Differential diagnosis of atopic eczema in childhood. dermatologist 58: 163-176
  5. Rille JH (1922) Demonstration 87th verse Dtsch Naturalists and doctors. Dermatol weekly 75: 1204
  6. Traupe H (1989) The ichthyoses. A guide to clinical diagnosis, genetic counseling and therapy. Springer, Berlin


Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.


Last updated on: 23.07.2023