DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
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Cheilitis actinica acuta: oedematous swelling and redness, possible blistering a few hours after sun exposure.
Cheilitis actinica chronica: Atrophy of the skin of the lips, focal or complete covering of the red of the lips by firmly adherent keratotic plaques. Risk of carcinoma development, see below. Cheilitis abrasiva praecancerosa.
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Cheilitis actinica acuta: Moist compresses with anti-inflammatory or antiseptic additives such as polihexanide (Serasept, Prontoderm), 1% chlorhexidine or 5% dexpanthenol (e.g. Bepanthen solution) as well as topical glucocorticoids such as 0.25% prednicarbate (e.g. Dermatop ointment) or 0.1% mometasone (e.g. Ecural fat cream).
Cheilitis actinica chronica: In case of mild manifestation without keratotic deposits: Only caring measures with lipsticks which are greasy and protect against light (e.g. Ceralip lip cream, Ilrido lip protection stick, Neutrogena total sun protection stick). If necessary, application of Diclofenac gel (Solaraze [2.5% hyaluronic acid as a carrier]) twice a day.
Cheilitis actinica chronica with adherent keratoses:In this case, the treatment aims at stopping the progression of the precancerous changes up to the development of an invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the lips to squamous cell carcinoma by eradication of the primary lesion(s).
Abalative procedures: as ablative surgical measures have been proven in the hands of experienced:
- CO2 laser ablation
- Cryosurgery (the cryosurgical measures (open spray procedure) is considered by many as a "first step" therapy: depending on the severity of the actinic changes, 1 or 2 short therapy cycles (see also cryosurgery).
- Electrodessication (well suited for smaller lesions)
Non-ablative procedures: The following non-ablative procedures have proven successful:
- Chemical peeling,
- Topical Imiquimod
- Diclofenac gel (Solaraze [2.5% hyaluronic acid as carrier]) 2 times daily.
- 5-Fluorouracil (Efudix®; apply 1 time/day until erosive reaction).
- Photodynamic therapy (PDT). Daylight-activated PDT, using natural daylight as a light source, has shown promising results in the past and has incziwshcen established as a suitable and safe method (Levi A et al. 2019; Martín-Carrasco Pet al. 2020). Cure rates of around 90% have been achieved in small case studies.
In cases of pronounced extensive verrucous keratoses , vermillonectomy is recommended. In this procedure, the lip red is removed in strips in horizontal direction, the lip mucosa is mobilized forward as lip substitute and sutured to the skin. Light protection and care of the lips see above.
Remark! In case of cheilitis actinica chronica always histological exclusion of a spinocellular carcinoma!
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LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- de Sevaux RG et al (2003) Acitretin treatment of premalignant and malignant skin disorders in renal transplant recipients: clinical effects of a randomized trial comparing two doses of acitretin. J Am Acad Dermatol 49: 407-412
- Hohenleutner S et al (1999) CO(2) laser vaporisation of actinic cheilitis. Dermatologist 50: 562-565
- Johnson TM et al (1992) Carbon dioxide laser treatment of actinic cheilitis. Clinicohistopathologic correlation to determine the optimal depth of destruction. J Am Acad Dermatol 27: 737-740
Levi A et al. (2019) Daylight photodynamic therapy for the treatment of actinic cheilitis. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 35:11-16.
Martín-Carrasco Pet al (2020) Actinic cheilitis treated with daylight photodynamic therapy. Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) 111:883-885.
Radakovic S et al (2017) 5-aminolaevulinic acid patch-photodynamic therapy in the treatment of actinic cheilitis. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 33:306-310.
- Smith KJ et al (2002) Topical 5% imiquimod for the therapy of actinic cheilitis. J Am Acad Dermatol 47: 497-501
Incoming links (10)Acutal cheilitis actinica; Carcinoma in situ; Cheilitis abrasiva praecancerosa; Cheilitis actinica chronica; chronische aktinische Cheilitis; ; Cheilitis actinica (overview); Cheilitis photoactinica; Colloidalmilium; Exfoliative cheilitis; Lip carcinoma; Precanceroses in the strict sense;
Outgoing links (13)Acanthosis; Acetylsalicylic acid; Analgesics; Bubble; Cheilitis abrasiva praecancerosa; Cheilitis actinica chronica; chronische aktinische Cheilitis; ; Cheilitis actinica (overview); Cryosurgery; Glucocorticosteroids systemic; Light stabilizers; ... Show all
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