Buschke, abraham

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 12.08.2022

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Biographical details
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(¤ 1868, † 1943) German dermatologist. Born in Prosen, Buschke studied medicine in Greifswald and Breslau; received his doctorate in 1891 in Berlin; Buschke became an assistant surgeon in Greifswald in 1891, then moved to Breslau to join A. Neisser at the dermatological clinic. In 1897/98 Buschke settled as a specialist in skin and venereal diseases and urology. In 1900 he received his habilitation in Berlin. In 1904 he practiced briefly in a clinic attached to the Urban Hospital and on October 1, 1906 moved into the newly built Rudolf Virchow Hospital in Berlin as head physician with 70 patients. At the same time, he ran a private practice in Berlin's Lützow-Strasse. In 1920, Buschke became a. o. professor at the Friedrich Wilhelm University (today Humboldt University). Until his dismissal by the National Socialists in 1933, Buschke was chief physician of the II Dermatological Department for skin diseases. Later, he practiced on an honorary basis at the Jewish Hospital in Berlin until his license to practice medicine was revoked (on September 30, 1938). Buschke was deported together with his wife for racist reasons to Theresienstadt on 11/4/1942, where he died of severe enteritis on 2/25/1943.

Research Area(s): Busse-Buschke disease(cryptococcosis); scleroedema adultorum Buschke; Buschke-Fischer-Brauer syndrome (keratodermia symmetrica maculosa); Buschke 's heat melanosis (cutis marmorata pigmentosa); Buschke-Löwenstein tumors (anogenital giant condylomas). 1925, together with L. Loewenstein, first description of the giant condylomas named after Buschke-Loewenstein. 1900 Pioneering description of the scleroedema adultorum named after Buschke, emphasizing the special position of the clinical picture.

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  1. Buschke A (1902) Ueber Skleroedem. Berl Klin Wochenschr 39: 955-957
  2. Buschke A, Loewenstein L (1925) Ueber carcinoma-like condylomata acuminata. Klin Wochenschr 4: 1726-1728
  3. Lorenz M (2015) Abraham Buschke (1868-1943) - life of a dermatologist. JDDG 13 (Suppl1) 20
  4. Scholz A et al (2009) (eds). History of German-speaking dermatology. Wiley-VCH Verlag, Freiburg: 96-137.


Last updated on: 12.08.2022