DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
One of the oldest vegetable plants in the world belonging to the composite family . Cultivated as a vegetable plant in the Mediterranean area and in many other countries. Already known to the Greeks and Romans. Introduced to Central Europe around the 16th century, later also to America.
Field of application/useThis section has been translated automatically.
Cynara scolymus contains phenolic carboxylic acids, in particular (about 15) derivatives of caffeic acid and cyanarin, as well as various other compounds. Bitter substances such as the sesquiterpene lactone cynaropikrin, furthermore various other compounds. flavonoids and monsaccharides.
Medical use: Artichoke extracts are available in more than 40 ready-to-use preparations (e.g. juice, tincture) as lipid reducers and to stimulate bile production.
The diuretic and choleretic effect is attributed to the ingredient cynarin.
Because of their bitterness, extracts of artichoke are processed into liqueur wine in Spain and Italy as a stimulant of stomach secretion (aperitif).
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DosageThis section has been translated automatically.
Preparation-specific, generally 3x300mg dry extract.
Undesirable effectsThis section has been translated automatically.
Up to seven sesquiterpene lactones are present in the artichoke. The sensitising effect has so far only been shown for cynaropizine and Grosheimin. Sensitizing potency: Medium strong. Frequency of sensitization: Occasional.