Addison, thomas

Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Biographical details
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  • (¤ 11.10.1795, † 29.06.1860) English general practitioner (and dermatologist). Studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. 1815 Doctorate on the subject of "Syphilis and Mercury". After his studies, Addison first worked in London at Lock Hospital. At the same time he studied at the Public Dispensary with Thomas Bateman. In December 1817 Addison enrolled at Guy's Hospital in London, again as a student at what was then the most important medical college in England. In 1824 he was employed there as an assistant doctor. Addison was the first to describe M. Addison (1849), who was named after him. Together with R. Bright and T. Hodgkin, who, like him, worked at Guy's Hospital in London, he was one of the most famous representatives of medicine in England in the first half of the 19th century. His observations, which led to the description of the clinical picture named after Addison, were based on a larger series of sections he carried out with regard to changes in the NNR.
  • Addison first reported on the clinical picture to the South London Medical Society in 1849, and the first written report was in 1855. First descriptor of xanthelasma and xanthoma.

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  1. Addison T (1830) Observations on the disorders of females connected with uterine irritation. Highley, London
  2. Addison T (1849) Chronic suprarenal insufficiency, usually due to tuberculosis of suprarenal capsules. London Medical Gazette 43: 515-518
  3. Lorenz M (2008) In: Löser Ch, Plewig F (eds.) Pantheon of Dermatology, pp. 1-10 Springer Medizin Verlag, Heidelberg


Last updated on: 29.10.2020