Officinal fumaria

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 15.06.2021

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Fumitory; Fumitory (s.dort)

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The fumitory is a mostly annual, rarely perennial herbaceous plant, with reddish to purple flowers that grows upright or lying and up to 10 to 20 cm high, flowering time is late April to late October. In naturopathy it belongs to the group of phytopharmaceuticals and is mainly used for cramp-like complaints in the area of the gallbladder and bile ducts.

Phytotherapeutically, the aerial parts, i.e. leaves, stems, flowers and fruits harvested at flowering time are used.
The drug of commerce originates from Eastern European countries.

HMPC monograph: traditional use: to increase bile flow, relieve digestive complaints (such as bloating, flatulence and slow digestion). Not recommended for children and adolescents under 18 years of age.

ESCOP monograph: digestive complaints (such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, flatulence) , hepatobiliary disorders.
Commission E mon ograph: spasmodic complaints in the gallbladder and bile ducts and gastrointestinal tract.

Pharmacodynamics (Effect)
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Systemically, extracts of fumitory have spasmolytic, cholecytic, antiphlogistic effects. When applied locally, extracts of fumitory have anti-inflammatory effects.

Spectrum of action
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The fumitory contains protopine (fumarin) and other isoquinoline alkaloids; also bitter substances, flavonoids, caffeic acid derivatives, fumaric acid.

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The indication is cholepathies - chronic cramp-like complaints of the gallbladder and bile ducts (K82.9). Acute eczema (L30.9) is a dermatological indication.

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Hypersensitivity to the active substance, obstruction of the bile ducts, cholangitis, gallstones and other bile ducts and hepatitis.

Pregnancy, lactation;

Children and adolescents < 18 years (HMPC)

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The most common way to use fumitory for natural healing is tea, preferably in the form of a mixed tea.
Recipe: For the fumitory tea, pour a cup of boiling water over 1-2 teaspoons of fumitory. The tea should steep for 10 minutes. Then strain and drink in small sips. Drink 1-3 cups of this tea per day.

The tea can also be used for envelopes.

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Finished product: Bilobene® 3 x 2 film-coated tablets before meals

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  1. Jowkar F et al.(2011) The effects of fumaria parviflora L extract on chronic hand eczema: a randomized double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial. Iran Red Crescent Med J 13:824-828.
  2. Loew D (2012) in Beer A M et al [eds] Leitfaden Naturheilverfahren für die ärztliche Praxis, Urban und Fischer Verlag p 178.
  3. Najeeb-ur-Rehman et al (2012) Species and tissue-specificity of prokinetic, laxative and spasmodic effects of Fumaria parviflora. BMC Complement Altern Med 12:16.
  4. Najeeb-ur-Rehman et al. (2012) Mechanisms underlying the antidiarrheal, antispasmodic and bronchodilator activities of Fumaria parviflora and involvement of tissue and species specificity. J Ethnopharmacol 144:128-137.

Incoming links (2)

Fumitory; Fumitory;