Myrtle folium

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 27.12.2021

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Herbal drug obtained from the leaves of Myrtus communis, the myrtle shrub. The ethanolic myrtle extract, Myrtacine®, is used for the treatment of acne.

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14% tannins, bitter substances, about 0.3% essential oil. Its main components are cineol, limonene, linalool, alpha pinene, myrtenyl acetate; further myrtenol, geraniol, nerol.

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Antimicrobial, anti-edematous, blood sugar lowering, anti-inflammatory (with external application).

Field of application/use
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Internal: bronchial catarrh,rhinitis, diarrhea.

External: there is evidence that myrtle extracts have anti-inflammatory activity in mild to moderate acne vulgaris. Containedfor example in: Keracnyl PP, repair

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  3. Koch AK et al,(2016) A Systematic Review of Phytotherapy for Acute Rhinosinusitis. Forsch Complementmed 23:165-169.
  4. Rantzsch U et al.(2009) Anti-inflammatory effects of Myrtol standardized and other essential oils on alveolar macrophages from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eur J Med Res 14 Suppl 4:205-209.
  5. Fiorini-Puybaret C et al (2011). Pharmacological properties of Myrtacine® and its potential value in acne treatment. Planta Med. 77:1 582-589
  6. Feuillolay C et al (2016) A Myrtus communis extract enriched in myrtucummulones and ursolic acid reduces resistance of Propionibacterium acnes biofilms to antibiotics used in acne vulgaris. 23:307-315
  7. Songül K et al. (2019) Efficacy of two plant extracts against acne vulgaris: Initial results of microbiological tests and cell culture studies. J Cosmet Dermatol 18:1061-1065.

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