Chokeberry melanocarpa fructus

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Synonym(s)

Aronia berries; Aronia fruits; black chokeberry; Chokeberry

Definition
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Aronia melanocarpa fructus, also called chokeberry fruit, is the black fruit of the chokeberry bush. They have a high content of antioxidant anthocyanins and are used as a herbal drug.

Ingredients
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Aronia melanocarpa fructus has 800 mg anthocyanins and other polyphenols per 100 g of the fruit. Dried fruits contain 28 % polyphenols, of which 0.6 % are proanthocyanidins, 0.8 % anthocyanins, 0.24 % eriodictyol-7-glucuronide, 0.4 % quercetin glycosides and phenolic carboxylic acids.

Effects
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Aronia melanocarpa fructus has antioxidant, antibacterial, anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory effects. In addition, chokeberry fruits have a metabolic regulating effect in type 2 diabetes mellitus and lead to a reduction of cardiovascular risk factors, for example the regulation of elevated blood pressure values, reduction of blood lipids or a decrease in the activity of the angiotensin converting enzyme.

Field of application/use
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Aronia fruits are used as oxidative cell protection in arteriosclerosis. Further indications are: CHD (reduction of cardiovascular risk factors), hyperlipoproteinemia, breast cancer.

Dosage
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Aronia fruits are used as food colouring.

Literature
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  1. Bolling BW et al(2015) Harvest date affects aronia juice polyphenols, sugars, and antioxidant activity, but not anthocyanin stability. Food Chem 187:189-196.
  2. Parzonko A et al(2015) Anthocyans-rich chokeberry melanocarpa extract possesses ability to protect endothelial progenitor cells against angiotensin II induced dysfunction. Phytomedicins 22:1238-1246.
  3. Romani A et al (2016) Polyphenols and Volatile Compounds in Commercial Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) Products. Nat Prod Commun 11:99-102.
  4. Stanisavljević N et al. (2015) Antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of chokeberry juice phenolics during in vitro simulated digestion in the presence of food matrix. Food Chem 175:516-522.

Outgoing links (2)

Ace; Anthocyanins;