Catechine

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Synonym(s)

Epicatechin

Definition
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Organic flavonol derivatives, which are basic components of tanning agents, e.g. from oak bark extracts (cortex quercus) Catechins are also important ingredients in green and black tea in vegetables and wine.
Catechins are attributed anti-carcinogenic, anti-oxidative, antiviral (see epigallocatechin gallate), antibacterial properties.

Classification
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The main catechins are:

  • catechin (C)
  • epicatechin (EC)
  • epigallocatechin (EGC)
  • Epicatechin gallate (ECG)
  • Tea Catechin
  • Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).

Epigallocatechin gallate is an effective local therapy for condyloma acuminta.

Note(s)
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The name Catechine is derived from the term 'catechu', the name of the extract of the tanner acacia 'Acacia catechu L'.