Autumn crocus

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Synonym(s)

Colchicum autumnale L.

Definition
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The autumn timeless or autumnal timothy (Colchicum autumnale) is a widespread, permanent herbaceous plant native to central and southern Europe and belonging to the timothy family (Colchicaceae). It reaches growth heights of 8 to 30 cm. Extracts of the autumn timothy are used medicinally. The narrow, lancet-like leaves appear together with the fruit in early summer and are up to 40 cm long. The autumn saffron produces pale pink to purple flowers from September to October.
Colchicum autumnale L. is the parent plant of Colchici semen, Colchici tuber and Colchici flos the autumn saffron flowers.

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Colchici semen;