Alder buckthorn fine-leaved

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

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Last updated on: 12.09.2021

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Synonym(s)

Frangula alnus; Rhamnus frangula

Definition
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The fine-leaved alder, also called Frangula alnus 'Asplenifolia' or Rhamnus frangula, is an upright shrub that grows all year round and reaches a height of up to 2 metres. Its distribution area is Europe, the Mediterranean region and the Near East. See also American black alder, Rhamnus purshianus.

Phytotherapeutic use: Dried bark of the stems and twigs of both Frangula species. see under Frangula alnus.

General information
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The fine-leaved alder buckthorn has a smooth bark with cork nipples and belongs to the deciduous-leaf-bearing plants. The leaves of the shrub are narrow and elongated-elliptical in shape and are light to dark green in colour. The rather inconspicuous green and white flowers bloom in May and June; the fruits of the decaying tree are black berries.


Note(s)
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Frangula alnus is the parent plant of Frangulae cortex, the medically used bark of the decaying tree, also known as yellowwood bark, monographed in Ph.Eur.2.

Literature
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  1. https://arzneipflanzenlexikon.info/faulbaum.php
  2. https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/herbal-monograph/european-union-herbal-monograph-rhamnus-frangula-l-cortex-revision-1_en.pdf

Outgoing links (1)

Alder buckthorn american;