DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
The antibody against the zinc transporter 8 is a new marker in the prognosis and diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. The detection of this antibody indicates a high risk of diabetes. ZnT8 antibodies are detected in 80% of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetics, while controls showed 2%, type 2 diabetics <3%, patients with other autoimmune diseases up to 20% ZnT8 antibodies.
ZnT8-AK are detected in 25-30% of type 1 diabetics, in whom no other diabetes specific autoantibodies (islet cell, insulin, GAD, IA-2 antibodies) were detectable. When the established diabetes autoantibodies are determined in combination with the ZnT8 antibody, the diagnostic sensitivity can be increased to over 90% in freshly manifested type 1 diabetes. There is a very good correlation of ZnT8 antibody with mass and function of beta cells.
General informationThis section has been translated automatically.
The zinc transporter ZnT 8 is a transmembrane protein of the secretory vesicles of beta cells. ZnT 8 is highly beta cell specific and belongs to a large family of cation-efflux transporters, at least 7 of which are expressed in the pancreatic islets. ZnT8 is encoded by the gene SLC30A8 (Solute carrier family 30, member 8). There is a correlation between ZnT8 polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Achenbach P et al (2009) Autoantibodies to zinc transporter 8 and Scl30A8 genotype stratify type 1 diabetes risk. Diabetologica 52: 1881-1888
Chausmer AB (1998) Zinc, insulin and diabetes. J Am Coll Nutr 17: 109-115.
- Wenzlau JM et al (2007) The cation efflux transporter ZnT8 (Slc30A8) is a major autoantigen in human type 1 diabetes. PNAS 104: 17040-17045