HistoryThis section has been translated automatically.
Ciuffo, 1907 (description of the viral genesis)
DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
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PathogenThis section has been translated automatically.
Human papillomaviruses (DNA virus); most commonly HPV1, 2, 4, 27, 57.
ClassificationThis section has been translated automatically.
Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Most common virus-related wart form. Transmission from person to person or through autoinoculation. Incubation period up to 20 months. The risk is increased if other family members also suffer from warts ( odds ratio 1.9).
ManifestationThis section has been translated automatically.
LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Solitary but also to beds aggregated, hemispherical, 0.2-0.8 cm large, coarse, mostly skin-coloured or grey-yellowish papules, nodules or plaques with a verrucous, fissured surface. Development of daughter warts in the surrounding area by autoinoculation is possible. The clinical morphology is significantly influenced by the location of the warts, e.g. warts around the nose often appear as pedunculated or thread-like lesions. Warts located periungual (and subungual) often lead to onychodystrophies. They can lead to extensive tumorous vegetation. Such formations are therapeutically particularly problematic.
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Progression/forecastThis section has been translated automatically.
Healing without scarring after weeks to years. Spontaneous healing is reported between 25% and 60% of cases, depending on the location and duration of the disease. Caution. Scarring due to surgical therapy is possible.
Note(s)This section has been translated automatically.
In butchers(butcher's warts), HPV-7 can often be detected in warts, a virus that occurs very rarely in the rest of the population. HPV-7 belongs to the alpha-papillomaviruses and has been isolated from the oral mucosa of HIV-infected persons, from condylomas of immunocompromised persons and in China from warts of the interdigital spaces.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Betlloch I et al (2002) Verruca vulgaris surrounding a total graft following a burn in a child. Pediatric Dermatol19:369-370
- Ciuffo G (1907) Imnesto positiv con filtrado di verrucae volgare. Giorn Ital Mal Venereol 48: 12-17
- Iraji F et al (2002) Histopathology of skin lesions with warty appearance in renal allograft recipients. On J Dermatopathol 24:324-325
- Khanna N, Joshi A (2004) Extensive verruca vulgaris at unusual sites in an immunocompetent adult. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 18:102-103
- Muzio G et al (2002) Treatment of non-genital warts with topical imiquimod 5% cream. Eur J Dermatol 12:347-349
- Penso-Assathiany D et al (1999) Warts, swimming pools and atopy: a case control study conducted in a private dermatology practice. Ann Dermatol Venereol 126:696-698
- Rübben A (2011) Clinical algorithm for the therapy of cutaneous, extragenital HPV-induced warts. Dermatologist 62: 6-16
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