Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 21.04.2022

Dieser Artikel auf Deutsch


Aedes; Anopheles

This section has been translated automatically.

Mosquitoes are slender, thin- and long-legged bipeds with many-limbed, serrated antennae whose mouthparts are often transformed into biting organs.

Of particular medical importance is the family of mosquitoes (Culicidae). These include the common mosquitoes, the gnats, the fever mosquitoes (Anopheles) as vectors of malaria, the yellow fever mosquitoes as vectors of yellow fever, Culex species as vectors of multiple viral tropical diseases, Phlebotomes as vectors of leishmaniasis and Pappataci fever.

Black flies: painful bites, suck up exuding blood. Female black flies are obligate bloodsuckers (humans, mammals, birds). Bruising is possible due to local blood clotting inhibition.

Grits: only female grits bite. Stings of in the evening and at night.

Stinging flies: female and male stinging flies sting painfully; humans and mammals are stung. Sucking duration 8-9 minutes.

Horseflies: sting painfully from June to August. Prefers horse or cattle pastures.

This section has been translated automatically.

  1. Brehler (2017) Insects and arachnids as triggers of toxic and allergic reactions in Germany. Allergo J 26: 129-136

Incoming links (5)

Aedes; Anopheles; Arthropods; Culicosis; Insects;


Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.


Last updated on: 21.04.2022