Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

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Last updated on: 29.10.2020

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Aedes; Anopheles

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Mosquitoes are slender, thin-legged and long-legged biparous mosquitoes with multi-limbed, serrated antennae, whose mouth parts are often transformed into biting organs.

The family of mosquitoes (Culicidae) is of particular medical importance. These include the common mosquitoes, gnats, fever mosquitoes (Anopheles) as carriers of malaria, yellow fever mosquitoes as carriers of yellow fever, Culex species as carriers of multiple viral tropical diseases, phlebotomes as carriers of leishmaniasis and pappataci fever.

Black flies: painful bites, sucking up leaking blood. Female blackflies are obligatory butters (humans, mammals, birds). Bruises are possible due to local blood clotting inhibition.

Gritzen: only female gritzen are pricked. Stitches of evening and night.

Stingingflies (calf stings): female and male stinging flies sting painfully; humans and mammals are stung. Suction time 8-9 minutes.

Stings painfully from June to August. Preferably on horse or cattle pastures.

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  1. Brehler (2017) Insects and arachnids as triggers of toxic and allergic reactions in Germany. Allergo J 26: 129-136

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Aedes; Anopheles; Arthropods; Culicosis; Insects;


Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.


Last updated on: 29.10.2020