Lichen myxedematosus and HIV-Infection L98.5

Last updated on: 21.09.2023

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The coincidence of lichen myxoedematosus and HIV infection is reported with above-average frequency. Frequently, these are pronounced forms of this cutaneous mucinosis.

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An etiopathological relationship between lichen myxoedematosus and HIV infection may be assumed on the basis of the available publications. Publications of REM syndrome, scleroedema adultorum (Yachoui R et al. 2013), and HIV infection should also be considered in this context.

Theassociation of scleromyxedema with chronic hepatitis C was drawn attention by Chen KY et al 2019. A total of 28 patients were diagnosed with lichen myxoedematosus (1x generalized, 27 x localized or atypical forms). The prevalence of hepatitis C was 6.5 times higher in this clientele than in the general population (Chen KY et al. 2019).

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  1. Abbott RA et al. (2010) Widespread papules in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus. Papular mucinosis (PM) in association with HIV infection. Clin Exp Dermatol 35:801-802.
  2. Chen KY et al (2019) Scleromyxedema and lichen myxedematosus: Is it associated with viral hepatitis? J Dermatol 46:879-885.
  3. Girón J et al (2007) Resolution of papular mucinosis in a person with HIV infection. AIDS Read 17:418-420.
  4. Guarda NH et al (2023) Case for diagnosis. Multiple infiltrated plaques in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C co-infection: lichen myxedematosus. An Bras Dermatol 98:398-400.
  5. Rongioletti F et al (1998) Cutaneous mucinoses and HIV infection. Br J Dermatol 139:1077-1080.
  6. Temelkova I et al. (2019) Scleromyxedema (Arndt-Gottron Syndrome) Developing Under Tenofovir Treatment for Hepatitis B: Unique Presentation in a Bulgarian Patient! Open Access Maced J Med Sci 7:782-785.
  7. Tenea D et al (2023) Reticular erythematous mucinosis in an African woman with HIV infection: case report and literature review. Case Rep Dermatol 15:117-125.
  8. Wada N et al (2016) Case of cutaneous mucinosis with HIV infection. J Dermatol 43:833-834.
  9. Yachoui R et al (2013) Scleredema in a patient with AIDS-related lipodystrophy syndrome. Case Rep Endocrinol 943798. doi: 10.1155/2013/943798.


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Last updated on: 21.09.2023