DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Skin symptoms caused by stings of bloodsucking bugs(Cimex lectularis/bed bugs, Cimex columbarius/pigeon bugs, very rare - Oeciacus hirundinis/swallow bugs), which are very itchy. Nowadays it is increasingly common again in Germany.
EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
Bedbugs nest mainly in dark cracks in furniture, walls, behind pictures in neglected rooms and seek out people at night, e.g. by falling from the ceiling. The saliva secretion injected with the bite causes an initially urticarial, later papular skin reaction.
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LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Grouped (footprint-like linear stitches - the pests do not always hit a blood vessel during the first stings so that they continue to migrate), up to 0.5 cm large, intensely itchy, bright red wheals, papules or plaques with a central, punctate, haemorrhagic sting. In the course of days, transformation into more indurated papules or plaques, which continue to itch to varying degrees, and possibly blistering. Occasionally pustules also develop. Nitrophorin, which is present in bug saliva, seems to be an important allergen.
Phenomenon of repetition: co-reaction of old lesions with the appearance of new bites. Decrease in intensity of skin manifestations with repeated infestations.
The skin lesions may persist for up to 10 days.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
General therapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Restoration of the infested rooms with the help of insecticides(permethrin, malathion, pyriproxyfen, pyrethrin), if necessary removal of niches (loose wallpaper, wooden ceilings), restoration by exterminators
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Arayesh A et al (2013) Itching and urticarial inflammatory reaction of the skin of unclear etiology. Dermatologist 64: 187-189
- Beck W (2017) Infestation with bedbugs by Cimex lectularis and Cimex columbarius. Derm 23: 362-366
Incoming links (8)Arthropods; Bed bug; Bedbug bites; Bugs; Caterpillar dermatitis; Cimicose; Cimicosis; Pigeon bugs;
Outgoing links (9)Antihistamines, systemic; Bubble; Cimicose; Desloratadine; Glucorticosteroids topical; Permethrin; Pruritus; Triamcinolone acetonide cream hydrophilic 0,025/0,05/0,1% (nrf 11.38.); Urtica;
Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.