DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Tree and grass pollen from wind-pollinated plants are among the most common sources of allergens for the European population. About 13% of the European population suffers from pollen allergy (Blomme 2013). Both pollen groups release large amounts of allergenically active portoins and glycoproteins on contact with water, which can cause allergic symptoms on the exposed mucous membranes.
EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
The most important groups of the allergenic pollen degenerating in Northern Europe and North America belong to trees of two families:
- the Betulaceae family(birch, alder, hazelnut, hornbeam)
- Family of Fagaceae(oak, copper beech, chestnut)
- Olaceae and Cupressaceae families: An important group of trees with allergenic pollen, also found in the Mediterranean region, belong to the Olaceae family(olive, ash, privet, lilac) and the Cupressaceae family (cypress, Japanese cedar)
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Blomme K et al (2013) Prevalence of allergic sensitization versus allergic rhinitis symptoms in an unselected population. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 160:200-207.
Kihlström A et al (2005) Immunoglobulin G4-antibodies to rBet v 1 and risk of sensitization and atopic disease in the child. Clin Exp Allergy 35:1542-1549.
Sekerková A et al (2011) Detection of Bet v1, Bet v2 and Bet v4 specific IgEantibodies
in the sera of children and adult patients allergic to birch pollen:
evaluation of different IgE reactivity profiles depending on age and localsensitization
. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 154:278-285.
Outgoing links (9)Alder; Ash, mean; Birch; Grass pollen allergy; Hazelnut bush; Hornbeam; Horse chestnut; Oak; Olive;
Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.