DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Non-prejudicial description for a chronic eczema of different aetiology on hands and feet.
EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
Causes may include cumulative toxic hand eczema/foot eczema, contact allergic eczema, atopic eczema and psoriasis palmaris et plantaris. S.a.u. occupational dermatoses.
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Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Hyperkeratotic rhagadiform eczema of the hands and feet is a chronic or chronically recurrent eczema that can affect the hands, fingers, interdigits and back of the hand. It shows a colourful picture with itching, extensive redness, interspersed fine blisters, papules and hyperkeratotic plaques as well as mostly diffuse coarse lamellar scaling. On the flexor side of the wrist, the eczematous changes are blurred (important DD to psoriasis palmaris) and can spread to the forearm flexor side. Erosions and rhagades are also observed.
DiagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
An atopic diathesis (atopic hand/foot eczema), a contact sensitization (occupational disease if applicable), a psoriasis palmaris/plantaris and a tinea palmaris/plantaris must be clarified. If these diseases are excluded, the descriptive diagnosis "hyperkeratotic-rhagadiform hand/foot eczema" can be named as a diagnosis of exclusion.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
If necessary, avoid the triggering noxious agent. Initially medium to strong glucocorticoid in a fatty base such as 0.1% mometasone ointment (e.g. Ecural Fatty Ointment) or 0.05% clobetasol ointment (e.g. Dermoxin Ointment) possibly under an occlusive dressing for 12 hours. Possibly 2-10% salicylic acid-containing ointments. Consecutive ointments containing tar R229. Avoidance of mechanical skin stress. Local PUVA bath therapy (see below eczema) can be tried. Alitretinoin was specifically approved in Germany in 2008 for the treatment of severe chronic hand eczema that does not respond to potent topical corticosteroids.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Schwensen JF et al (2014) The combined diagnosis of allergic and irritant contact dermatitis in a retrospective cohort of 1000 consecutive patients with occupational contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis 71:356-363
Incoming links (8)Dermatitis; Eczema callus dermatitis; Eczema hyperkeratotic-rhagadiformes; Eczema tylotic; Eczema, tyotic; Housewives' eczema; Keratodermia climacterica; Salicylic acid tar clobetasol ointment;
Outgoing links (8)Atopic dermatitis (overview); Contact dermatitis allergic; Eczema (overview); Glucorticosteroids topical; Occupational dermatoses; Psoriasis palmaris et plantaris (overview); Puva bath therapy; Salicylic acid tar clobetasol ointment;
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