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- Golden Delicious
- red delicious
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In fruit growing, the cultivated apple (Malus domestica) is of outstanding importance. Malus domestica is a cultivated form which apparently originated from crossing the wooden apple (Malus sylvestris), which still occurs wild today, with Malus praecox and/or Malus dasyphylia. Its original home may have been in Asia. In addition, some species originating from East Asia with fruits only about the size of cherries, such as the Japanese apple, are planted as ornamental shrubs and trees in temperate climate zones. The oldest documented variety of cultivated apple is probably the Borsdorf apple, which was already mentioned by the Cistercians in 1170. Around 1880 more than 20,000 apple varieties were cultivated worldwide, of which more than 2,300 varieties were cultivated in Prussia alone. Today there are about 1,500 varieties in Germany, but only 60 of these are economically significant.