Myrrha

Authors: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer, Prof. Dr. med. Martina Bacharach-Buhles

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 14.07.2021

Dieser Artikel auf Deutsch

Synonym(s)

Myrrh; Real myrrh; Rubber Rina Myrrha; Somali Myrrh

Definition
This section has been translated automatically.

Myrrha (from murr = Semitic "bitter") is the officinal product of the bitter-tasting tree resin extracted from the bark of Commiphora abyssinica and Commiphora molomol (= Commiphora myrrhae) the myrrh tree.

Myrrha has a positive monograph from Commission E for certain indications.

HMPC monograph: traditional-use: minor ulcers, inflammations of the oral mucosa (stomativitis, gingivitis), minor skin wounds boilsESCOP monograph: inflammations of the gums and oral mucosa (aphthae), minor skin inflammations, minor wounds and skin abrasions; adjuvant in inflammations of the pharyngeal mucosa (sore throat) and tonsillitis.
Commission e-monograph: external: mild inflammation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa.

Ingredients
This section has been translated automatically.

Efficacy determining contents are 25-40% resin from triterpenes), 2-10% essential oil (sesquiterpenes, with Germacran-Guajan structures (see below sesquiterpenes) e.g. commiferin and furanogermacranes as well as raw mucus, sugar (e.g. arabinose) and proteins.

Effects
This section has been translated automatically.

Astringent, disinfecting, antimicrobial, antiphlogistic

Field of application/use
This section has been translated automatically.

According to Commission E: non-specific inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat; according to ESCOP monograph: aphthae, small inflammations of the skin, small wounds.
Traditional (no recommendations) for wounds and boils

Limited indication
This section has been translated automatically.

Not recommended for children <12 years, during pregnancy and lactation. Without medical advice applications not longer than 1 week

Dosage
This section has been translated automatically.

Dab lesions 2-3 times a day with the undiluted tincture (according to Ph.Eur.: 1 part myrrh dissolved in 5 parts 90% ethanol). For rinsing and gargling add 5-10 parts to a glass of water.
Myrrh is often mixed with Ratanhiae Radixin
dental care products.

Undesirable effects
This section has been translated automatically.

Allergic reactions to the various Active ingredients

Contraindication
This section has been translated automatically.

None known

Recipe(s)
This section has been translated automatically.

Trade names
This section has been translated automatically.

Phoenix Kalophön ointment, Repha-Os® mouth spray, Salviathymol® drops

Note(s)
This section has been translated automatically.

Myrrh is burned as incense, similar to incense.

Literature
This section has been translated automatically.

  1. Anand S et al. (2016) Evaluation of the Antibacterial Efficacy of Azadirachta Indica, Commiphora Myrrha, Glycyrrhiza Glabra Against Enterococcus Faecalis using Real Time PCR. Open Dent J 10:160-165.
  2. Al-Jenoobi FI et al. (2015) Orally co-administered oleo-gum resin of Commiphora myrrha decreases the bioavailability of cyclosporine A in rats. Pharmacy 70:549-552.
  3. Langhorst J (2015): Myrrh, dry extract of chamomile flowers and coffee charcoal in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Zeitschr Phytother 36: 247-249.
  4. Su S et al. (2012) Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of individual and combined extracts from Commiphora myrrha, and Boswellia carterii. J Ethnopharmacol 139:649-656.
  5. Su S et al. (2011) Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of different extracts of Commiphora myrrha. J Ethnopharmacol 134:251-258.
  6. Tonkal AM et al.(2008) An update review on Commiphora molmol and related species. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 38:763-796.
  7. Xu J et al. (2012) Four new sesquiterpenes from Commiphora myrrha and their neuroprotective effects. Fitoterapia 83:801-805.
  8. Xu J et al. (2011) Sesquiterpenoids from the resinous exudates of Commiphora myrrha and their neuroprotective effects. Planta Med 77:2023-2028.
  9. https://arzneipflanzenlexikon.info/index.php?en_pflanzen=46

Incoming links (1)

Ratanhiae radix;