DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Small animals: In addition to the spread of MRSA in the livestock sector, there has been an increase in MRSA infections in pets in recent years. Almost all common pets are associated with MRSA. Both in dogs (Loeffler et al. 2010) and cats (Loeffler et al. 2010), MRSA has been isolated several times in various studies in recent years.
However, small pets such as hamsters are also affected by the MRSA problem (Ferreira et al. 2011). Usually, skin/soft tissue infections and surgical complications, as well as clinical infections associated with the problem germ MRSA are reported in pets.
The extent to which the reservoir for the colonization of pets with MRSA generally lies with the pets or with the owners is controversially discussed. Overall, both human-to-pet and animal-to-human spread of MRSA can be observed or is suspected (Loeffler et al. 2010).
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Ferreira JP et al.(2011) Transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus between human and hamster. Journal of Clinical microbiology 49, 1679-1680.
- Lee, J.H., 2003. methicillin (oxacillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from major food animals and their potential transmission to humans. Applied and environmental microbiology 69, 6489-6494.
- Loeffler A et al.(2010). Companion animals: a reservoir for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the community? Epidemiology and infection 138: 595-605.
- Loeffler A et al.(2010) Prevalence of and risk factors for MRSA carriage in companion animals: a survey of dogs, cats and horses. Epidemiology and infection, 1-10.
- Schwaber MJ et al.(2013) Clonal transmission of a rare methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus genotype between horses and staff at a veterinary teaching hospital. Veterinary microbiology 162: 907-911.
- Vanderhaeghen W et al (2010). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST398 associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis in Belgian cows. Veterinary microbiology 144: 166-171.
- Voss A et al .(2007). Emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus of animal origin in humans. Emerging infectious diseases 13, 1834-1839.