Author: Prof. Dr. med. Peter Altmeyer

All authors of this article

Last updated on: 29.10.2020

Dieser Artikel auf Deutsch


Anoplura; poux (fz); sucking lice (e)

This section has been translated automatically.

Human ectoparasites belonging to the hexapods. The clothes louse played a major role during the 19th and 20th centuries as a carrier of classical typhus and relapsing fever. Lice are characterized by a high host specificity. In total, more than 400 species are known. Of importance for humans are:The pubic louse can be clearly distinguished from the other two species by its much smaller (1.3-1.6 mm) trapezoidal body. Head and clothes louse have an elongated body with a size of 2.25-3.00 mm (head louse) and 2.75-3.75 mm (clothes louse).

Clinical picture
This section has been translated automatically.

Aphid infestation(pediculosis) causes pronounced local reactions accompanied by itching due to Type IV reactions to saliva components. Superinfections due to scratching effects.

This section has been translated automatically.

Lice can transmit Salmonella typhi, Rickettsia prowazeki (fecal fever), Bartonelle quintana (five-day fever), Borrelia recurrentis (relapsing lice fever - several cases have recently been reported in African refugees).


Please ask your physician for a reliable diagnosis. This website is only meant as a reference.


Last updated on: 29.10.2020