DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Malignant melanoma of elderly people in chronically sun-exposed skin areas. Origins from its precursor lesion, the lentigo maligna.
LocalizationThis section has been translated automatically.
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Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Brown or brown-black, 0.2-5.0 cm in size (rarely > 5.0cm), usually bizarrely circumscribed, brown to brown-black, variably colored plaque (no spot: a spot is not palpable, a plaque is characterized by a papable raised appearance). Lentigo-maligna melanoma develops chronically insidiously, "almost unnoticed" at the base of a lentigo maligna that has usually existed for years.
As the melanoma persists, intralesional nodule formation may occur. This usually differs in consistency and color (black) from the surrounding area.
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
- Different guidelines apply to the surgical therapy of lentigo-maligna melanoma than for other malignant melanomas.
- In this type of melanoma, the safety margin recommended for other malignant melanomas can often not be adhered to for cosmetic or general medical reasons in cases of advanced age, multimorbidity or problematic localisation (eyelid, nose, cheek), in tumours with a tumour thickness of Breslow > 1.0 mm.
- The situational operative measure will have to be adapted to acceptable safety distances. In this context, a 3D histology with immunohistological edge control is mandatory in order to create an R0 situation with a reduced safety margin. The study situation justifies this procedure (no increased local recurrence, no reduced survival rate).
Progression/forecastThis section has been translated automatically.
Due to the late metastasis, the prognosis is more favourable than for other types of melanoma. 5-JWR=80%.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Moehrle M et al (2006) Conventional histology vs three-dimensional histology in lentigo maligna melanoma. Br J Dermatol 154: 453-459.
- AWMF(2013) Guidelines program; S3 guideline "Diagnosis, therapy and follow-up of melanoma: https://register.awmf.org/assets/guidelines/032-024OLl_S3_Melanoma-Diagnosis-Therapy-Follow-up_2020-08.pdf.
Incoming links (5)Kuva therapy; Lentigo maligna; Malignant melanoma at the base of a melanosis circumscripta praecancerosa; Melanoma desmoplastic; Puva therapy;
Outgoing links (5)Abcd rule; Lentigo maligna; Melanoma cutaneous; Reflected light microscopy; Sonography, 20 mhz sonography;
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